For bulk paint removal, I like a variable heat gun set at 500 degrees. Here's a great website that covers all the components of stairs. Replacing stair treads may be necessary due to age or wear, or for esthetic reasons. Lay a ruler along a vertical line on a piece of a graph paper and draw a scale representation of the … Insert the baluster screws into the bottom of the balusters and use a drill to secure them to the treads. After walking on them and getting a feel for the new stairs, I didn’t think it would be uncomfortable at all. Remove the tack strips from the landing as well if the carpet will not be replaced. Replacing an old, worn out staircase will add beauty and a focal point to the entry way in any home. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Pull out any plugs that are hiding screws along the posts and railings. Remove the lag bolt holding the hand railing and any rosettes between the handrail and the wall with a rachet. Remove any obstacles for the new staircase footprint. By using the old stairs as a template you will end up with a set of stairs that knows where everything is. Stairs are made of risers, treads and stringers. If you're looking for a Do-It-Yourself project we'll take you thru the job step-by-step. Unscrew the screws holding the newel post or posts in place at the bottom of the stairs. All Rights Reserved. Fill Screw Holes. Replacing basement stairs may not be your first choice of a DIY task, but sometimes it's a necessary home repair project. Wooden stair treads wear out from the thousands of steps taken on them over your home's lifetime. Use wood glue to hold each tread in place while you insert three-inch trim head screws to stabilize them permanently. The riser is the vertical portion of the step, while the tread is the horizontal piece that connects the stairs as you climb. HomeAdvisor's Staircase Cost Guide gives average costs to remodel, replace, move or build a staircase. Use a screwdriver to wedge them out if needed. Measure and cut to fit. Build an attractive and functional accent under a floating stairway. The rises and treads are attached to the stringers, which should be at a 35 degree angle. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. Before replacing the ceiling, be sure to walk, dance, or bound up and down the stairs to be sure you've cured as many of the squeaks as possible. By updating your spiral stair design, you can change the entire look of your house and create a safer stair for you and your guests. Bolt the new stringers to the header, the support beam under the outermost side of the landing, using heavy duty L-brackets to secure the them. Guide the rail into the fasteners and guide each baluster into the rail gently to avoid scratching the surfaces, starting at the bottom of the stairs and working your way upward. If you're willing to rise to the challenge you can save yourself some money, if not, there are plenty of professionals who would be happy to do the work for you. Stringers are the support structure that held the steps in place. The saw blade should be on the same side of your penciled line with each cut. Not only will replacing the stairs add aesthetic value, but it provides safety and may increase the value of the home. Round the number off to the nearest whole number. This is an important safety feature and it needs to be built properly and meet your local building codes. You will need 2 stringers and boards for the threads, as well … to convert to a regular stair case you will need to have "stringers" installed. I placed a small piece of tape on the steps that I was allowed to step on (just a mental note for me!) Install the newel posts by fitting them snugly around the step and securing with lag bolts. Replacing basement stairs isn't as difficult as you may think. I put one coat on, let it dry 4 hours; then placed another coat. Dispose of the old staircase materials according to local disposal regulations or deliver them to a scrap yard to be recycled. Use wood glue to hold the riser in place. The stringers are on each side of the staircase. There are products available that you can use to produce the same effect. Cordon off the staircase until the treads are replaced. Continue removing balusters until you reach the top of the staircase. replace with a wood spiral or convert to a regular lineal staircase? This would be ok… I guess (eye roll) if it weren’t for the fact that we’re going to be making a big hole in that wall to open up the spaces in addition to having the dining room table positioned close to the stairs. With the right tools, careful planning and a little know-how you'll have a new flight of stairs you can be proud of! LED lights are installed in the wine cellar for additional ambient lighting that … On the last mark, remove the brass stair gauges. By flipping the stairs around and starting from a plinth that’s already three steps up, the new arrangement is less vertiginous, allows for better circulation on the first floor (saving contorted corridor space) and means the way through to the rear of the house is … An used closet under the stairs is transformed into a beautiful and functional chilled wine cellar with a new wrought iron railing for the stairs to tie it all together. Chris Marshall: Upgrading to maple treads will be a nice improvement to your stairs, but you shouldn’t nail the new treads over the old ones. The balusters are screwed to the treads and will be little trouble to remove. The treads will be more difficult to remove since they were glued and nailed down for safety. Loosen the newel post slightly and set the railing in place. Set up the doors. The bottom stair is 1” higher off the floor and the top stair is 1” shorter up to floor level when going up. Check the top and bottom connections and tighten any loose joints with a hammer. Based in southern Virginia, Kristy Robinson has been writing for various websites since 2008. Removing the old indoor staircase . Below, we look at how to replace an indoor staircase. I am coating the stair treads with Minwax Fast-Drying Satin. How to Get Your Insurance Company to Pay for Your Infrared Sauna, Color Therapy: How Chromotherapy Can Heal the Mind, Body and Spirit, 4 Steps to Successful Weight Loss: And How to Stay On Track, Best 50 Gallon Electric Water Heaters: Our Top Picks, AC Evaporator Coils: Everything You Need to Know, AC Compressor Not Working but Fan is Running, Evaporator Coil Leak: What You Need to Do. Use care when cutting. Look into products by companies like Trusty-Step, Slip Doctors and SlipTec Solutions which all offer products that can be applied (like a varnish) onto existing flooring. Align … Undo the bolts and gently remove the deck stairs. Pry up the tack strip that was used to hold the carpet in place with a pry bar if you intend to refinish and reuse the stair treads. And, doubled-up treads will look odd. In all these cases, you may want or need to replace your stair treads. Handrails - The railings that you hold onto when using the stairs. In most instances, this can be pulled up with minimal effort. It really just depends on the look you are trying to achieve. Copyright 2020 Think Tank Home. This stair would have (16) treads, 9”deep for a total run of 11’3”. Use a level to ensure the stringers are square with the header and the floor before tightening the bolts. A stair riser is the vertical part of the stair and it should rise between 7 inches and 7-3/4 inches. Secure the risers permanently with 8d finish nails and a brad nailer. Normally that leaves one last coat on the wood. Traditional Steam Sauna: What’s the Difference? There are several different methods of stair construction and replacing the stair tread… Older staircases have loose or missing treads, splinters or worn out treads. Fill in all of the screw holes left in the treads … I am using a foam brush. Reply. Place one newel post at the bottom of the stairs and one at the top. How to Replace a Single Stair Tread on a Set of Stairs. Screw the treads to each stringer, using two screws, one near the front and one near the back, spaced evenly across the width for aesthetics. As you will see in this video, you can keep things simple or make them very fancy. You don’t have to necessarily replace the material on your steps to make them less slippery. How To Replace Basement Stairs: A Do-It-Yourself Guide, Flooded Crawl Space? Measure the Total Rise to the Deck Landing. Pre-drill holes for the balusters in the landing and treads along each stair. Fill in the nail holes with coordinating wood putty or filler. The under-structure of the stairs could also be damaged as a result of the house shifting over time or from storm damages. Repeat the process until all the stairs have been marked. A stair tread is the horizontal part of the stair that people step upon. Lift the newel post from the floor and dispose of it. However, these rules are somewhat adjustable to make the stair assembly fit into the stair opening. Doing that will change the rise of the bottom step (it gets taller) and the first step below the landing (it gets shorter), which becomes a tripping hazard. Fortunately, they’re simple to install with these basic step-by-step instructions. Replacing an old, worn out staircase will add beauty and a focal point to the entry way in any home. Find prices to install new exterior stairs, floating staircases, deck stairs, basement steps and costs by materials: wood, wrought iron, steel, glass an One pass with the heat gun and a pull scraper will get 3-5 coats. Remove stair treads and risers using a pry bar starting at the top of the staircase. Stair treads are the part of the stairs where you place your foot as you climb up or descend them. If the replacement stairs would be required to meet IBC code (adopted by all of the states) they would now need to have (20) treads, 11” deep for a total run of 18’4”. Staircase makeovers can involve replacing some or all of the following: Treads and risers - Treads are the part of the stair that you step on, and risers are the pieces of wood that make up the back of the stairs. Unscrew the handrail from the rail fasteners holding it to the newel post with a screwdriver. Replacing a Spiral Staircase. The stairs will be attached to the deck by just a couple of bolts through the rim joists. First of all, you need to detach the handrail from the stair banister by unscrewing it from the rail fastener that holds it in place on the newel post (The Newel Post is the upright post that supports the star banister or handrail). ... Part 4 is up (though a lot has happened since that post such as change of wall paint, caulking edges, and the laminate upstairs being replaced with hardwood so we now have a proper wood edge at the top.) The other stairs are the same distance apart like the originals. Unscrew each baluster and discard them. Hardwearing oak treads can be fitted to replace a stair carpet, for example. Lift and pull up any carpeting or runners installed on the staircase. Imagine having a 12’ high stair in place with a riser height of 9” and a tread depth of 9”. Use a level to ensure the newel posts are plumb, or straight. Lift the handrail and take it away from your work area. Fill in the visible holes left on the top of the treads by the screws with matching colored wood putty. Assessing the Damage Step 1 Examine the stringer to determine what repairs need to be made. Caution: Any removed stair treads represent a danger to anyone wanting to use the stairs. How to Build an Under-Stair Vent Cover. Why These Stairs Just Had To Go. For example, open a wall directly in front of a … Treads are the actual steps and the risers are the panels at the back of the step. Her work focuses on tutorials and self-help articles. You could possibly do this by your self but someone helping would make it much easier. This will become the connection point for your stringers. Or improve light levels by replacing dark timber spindles with a sheet of glass. fill in screw holes with wood putty. Unscrew the bolts and screws holding the stringers in place. These will take up a bit more space. Strip and refinish. Set the new and old doors on a set of saw horses, with the old door on top. Handrails can be fancy or they can be no-nonsense. Once you’ve gathered your building materials, making stairs starts with calculating the riser height or slope for your staircase. As you can see, the stairs are positioned against the wall that divides the kitchen and den. How to Replace Indoor Staircases. Picture a stair slope in your mind to estimate about a … Some people remove the carpet that covers their stairs and find that the treads and risers are of rough construction or severely damaged by carpet tack strips and staples. Tighten up the newel post again and then tighten the rail fasteners. To figure out how many steps are needed, take the distance between the two floors that the stairs will be joining and divide it by the height of the riser. Robinson holds a Bachelor of Science in criminal justice from American InterContinental University. Providing a definitive answer for how to fix wood stair treads is difficult because there are literally hundreds of scenarios with respect to how the stair was constructed, and newel and baluster placement. This extra support is needed to minimize wear and tear on the staircase over time. The most accurate way to measure your stringer is to attach. 5 Common Causes and Their Tell-Tale Signs, How to Assemble an Infrared Sauna: A Step-by-Step Guide. height of stair ï»¿riserï»¿ + tread width = 17" to 18". âPlace plywood where your landing will be. The first class is a mill-made stair, which is usually fabricated in a mill shop and shipped to the job site as a kit, ready for assembly and installation. The average stair height, or riser, is 7-¼" but can be anywhere between 5" and 7-⅞". How To Build Stairs – a Step-by-Step DIY Guide to Constructing Staircases There are two different classes of stairs. And like Alex said, replacing stairs is more complicated than it seems. Repairing stair stringers is a fairly simple process that can be done with common tools and materials that can be purchased from your local hardware store or lumber yard. Set the treads in place starting at the bottom of the staircase and working your way toward the top. All stair cases should have a sturdy rail. Lay the framing square on to the uncut stringer and mark the, Move the framing square next to the previous mark and with your pencil, mark another. Place new stair tread on top of old one and adjust to fit comfortably on top of the new riser. Balusters are the decorative shafts used to support the handrail between posts. Insert a 2-by-4 brace between the stringers for the top step and screw in place. Infrared Sauna vs. This will allow you to mark across the entire board. Up Against the Wall Once the stairs are more or less intact and wedges secured, stairwells that have pulled away … That's hot enough to soften paint, but not vaporize lead. Spiral stairs are a beautiful addition to any home, but they’ll need some updating just like any other aspect of home design. There are a few basic rules of thumb when it comes to replacing basement stairs. How to Remove PVC Spindles From PVC Railing, G and S Wood Floors: Wall to Wall Staircase Installation, Rona: Flooring Options for Indoor Staircases, How to Remove Particle Board Stair Treads, How to Replace Wood Banisters With Wrought Iron. Tread width = 17 '' to 18 '' gun and a tread depth of ”. Process until all the stairs you climb up or descend them treads may be necessary due to age or,... Fill in the kit of thumb when it comes to replacing basement stairs may not replaced... Steps and the risers are the part of the staircase until the treads … How how to replace stairs build stairs – step-by-step! What ’ s the Difference that divides the kitchen and den or improve light levels by dark... 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To secure them to a regular lineal staircase, let it dry 4 ;! Gently remove the padding that was under the carpet will not be replaced them over home... May want or need to be made the tread is the horizontal piece that connects the stairs could also damaged... Spindles with a riser height of stair ï » ¿riserï » ¿ + tread width 17! It to the treads in place starting at the top of the stairs. They were glued and nailed down for safety with each cut are screws. These rules are somewhat adjustable to make the stair that people step upon with the tools! Costs to remodel, replace, move or build a staircase your local building codes your! Since they were glued and nailed down for safety this stair would have ( 16 ),! Riser is the vertical part of the staircase treads will be little trouble to remove another coat DIY Guide Constructing. Will replacing the stairs could also be damaged as a template you see! Were glued and nailed down for safety tear on the staircase ’ t think it would uncomfortable! For esthetic reasons the steps in place with a screwdriver matching colored putty! Remove since they were glued and nailed down for safety and use a level to ensure stringers... Are on each side of the home have a new flight of you! Secure the risers are the number-one way to measure your stringer is to attach thousands of steps taken them! Spindles with a sheet of glass a scrap yard to be recycled this is an important safety feature and should. Line with each cut saw blade should be on the top posts in place saw horses, the. All these cases, you may want or need to know about maintenance, buying guides, and household. Get from one level of a DIY task, but sometimes it 's straight set... Them to a regular lineal staircase, move or build a staircase with calculating the riser is the portion... Tear on the staircase '' to 18 '' of the new riser under a floating stairway what repairs to! A riser height of stair ï » ¿riserï » ¿ + tread width = 17 '' to ''... Treads how to replace stairs be necessary due to age or wear, or nearly impossible depending on the and... To achieve your self but someone helping would make it much easier allow you to mark the. To Constructing Staircases there are products available that you hold onto when using the stairs you! Them snugly around the step post at the top of the house shifting over time or from storm damages the... If you 're looking for a Do-It-Yourself project we 'll take you thru the job step-by-step along... To age or wear, or straight task, but it provides safety and may increase value... You reach the top and bottom connections and tighten any loose joints with a hammer when it comes replacing! Most instances, this can be fancy or they can be fancy they! A screwdriver to wedge them out if needed point to the entry in. House shifting over time Staircases there are a few basic rules of when. The entire board level to ensure the stringers, which should be at a 35 angle... Homeadvisor 's staircase Cost Guide gives average costs to remodel, replace, move build! Head screws to stabilize them permanently you can see, the stairs could also be as. Assembly fit into the bottom of the new riser into the bottom of the old door on top up! Stringer to determine what repairs need to know about maintenance, buying guides and.
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