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mangroves and coral reefs for conservation of wild biodiversity

Coral reef and mangrove ecosystems function in a symbiotic relationship, which enhances tropical and subtropical coastal environments. The tangle of roots catches sediment and nitrogen from the river, acting as a natural filter. By looking at where mangrove and coral reefs are located in close proximity to coastal populations globally, the researchers estimate that around one quarter of the most highly vulnerable coastal populations (around 8.5 million people) are likely to benefit from the risk reduction provided by these ecosystems. However, the strategy to ‘monitor coral communities in areas most at risk of mooring and anchoring damage and review effectiveness of anchoring restrictions in preventing coral damage’ allows for adjustment to the previous strategy over time and the assessment of whether or not tourist numbers are growing and following directed policy. The data can … Anchor damage occurs in heavily used areas of the reef. Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, Department of Marine Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia. Coral reefs are underwater structures made from calcium carbonate secreted by corals. “Coastal populations are particularly exposed to the effects of climate change through increased storm frequency or intensity and rising sea levels, but nature plays a key role in reducing their vulnerability,” said Hole. Connectivity of reef fish between mangroves and coral reefs: Algorithms for the design of marine reserves at seascape scales Peter J. Mumby* Marine Spatial Ecology Lab, School of BioSciences, Hatherly Laboratory, Prince of Wales Road, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4PS, United Kingdom ARTICLE INFO Article history: Received 21 July 2005 Received in revised form 21 September 2005 … You can get 100% plagiarism FREE essay in 30sec, Sorry, we cannot unicalize this essay. “Simply put, it’s much cheaper to conserve a mangrove than to build a sea wall.” Effectiveness of management is dependent on various factors exclusive to the area. Protecting Coral Reefs and Mangroves, Indonesia This three year project will support Conservation International’s (CI) efforts with an array of partners, to create and manage two new marine reserves in a magnificent seascape within the Coral Triangle, an area in the western Pacific Ocean considered the global epicenter of marine biodiversity. GradesFixer. In fact, the mangroves are in association with one or more of ecosystems such as mudflats, salt marshes, salt pans, freshwater palm forests, flooded forests, seagrasses and coral reefs in offshore waters. Towards Conservation and Management of Mangrove Ecosystems in India Edited by JR Bhatt, DJ Macintosh, TS Nayar, CN Pandey & BP Nilaratna ISBN-13: 978-2831712635 IUCN, India. The Maldives is composed of atolls. The marine area occupied by coral reefs has been estimated at 2,500,000 ha. This essay has been submitted by a student. Like all things grand and magnificent, coral reefs also took a long time, a very long time, to be what they are today in terms of their grandeur as well as beauty. Coral Reef Rescue will focus on building the resilience of coral reefs and the communities dependent on them by securing reefs in 7 main countries (Fiji, Solomon Islands, Indonesia, Philippines, Madagascar, Tanzania and Cuba) which account for 70% of the regeneration capacity of coral reefs globally. Arlington, The reef protects the shoreline from wave activity and consequent erosion while attracting tourists to the region. “Simply put, it’s much cheaper to conserve a mangrove than to build a sea wall.”. Mangrove forests provide critical services around the globe to both human populations and the ecosystems they occupy. Many says that coral reefs are among the oldest ecosystems on earth. “Ensuring the resiliency of mangroves is a win-win-win for people, nature and the climate. The study published today identifies where this risk reduction service is most important and how many of those 30+ million highly vulnerable people could potentially benefit from the protection of these ecosystems. Our programs support and protect the beauty, vibrancy, and biodiversity of coral reefs in Mexico and Cuba. These coastal ecosystems support valuable fisheries and endangered species, protect shorelines, and are significant carbon stores, functions that have been degraded by coastal development, destructive fishing practices, and climate … Most mangrove communities are managed well under the plan use the necessary measures to ensure maintenance of biological diversity in most areas. “Ecosystem-based adaptation, or the use of nature to lessen the impacts of climate change, can improve the safety and resiliency of coastal areas.”. Current estimates of remaining mangrove forest in the Philippines is less than 100,000 ha, less than a fifth of the area reported in the early. Mangroves capture and store extraordinary amounts of carbon in their trunks, roots and sediments. The study found that around 31 million people live in regions “highly vulnerable” to sea-level rise and hurricanes or tropical cyclones, the impacts of which are intensifying due to climate change. Abstract. Previous research has already demonstrated that conserving mangrove and reef ecosystems can help buffer the risk of flooding and inundation these communities face – for example, a 100-meter-wide coastal strip of mangroves can reduce wave heights by as much as two-thirds. Want us to write one just for you? The 1998 bleaching event was most severe in the western Indian Ocean, where coral declined by up to 90% in some locations. Mangroves store more carbon than any other forest ecosystem on Earth, drawing CO2 down from the atmosphere and storing it for decades, which helps to slow global warming,” said Hole. The study found that mangrove ecosystems protecting the most highly vulnerable coastal communities store around 896 million metric tons of carbon. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below: Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. Major threats include destructive fishing, siltation, unplanned tourist development and the effects of global warming. The species richness of trees is another biodiversity component of mangrove ecosystems (Figure 13.4), The environmental settings and biological factors described above not only influence the formation of different geomorphological and ecological types of mangrove forests, but they may also control species richness (Smith 1992). In short, the management plan is effective in reducing human impact and conserving mangrove communities in most areas of the marine park but further correspondence is needed to address the issue of die-off at certain sites. Both coral reefs and mangroves protect coastlines by absorbing some wave energy, especially during storms such as hurricanes (tropical cyclones). Biodiversity Conservation and Management vm Recommendations x Introduction 1 Taxonoffilc Diversity 2 Biodiversity Lost 3 Scope and Importance 5 Destructive Patterns 9 Habitat Loss and Degradation 9 Over-Expl01tatlon 10 The Spread of Exotic Species 12 Secondary Extmctions 13 Pollution 14 Chmate Change 15 Aquatic Biodiversity Conservation Strategies 17 Targetmg the Ecosystem … There are 48 species of seabirds, shorebird and migratory waders within the Ningaloo Reef area, some of which are endangered. Seagrass beds provide a further barrier to silt and mud that could smother the reefs. Protecting the nature we all rely on for food, fresh water and livelihoods. For the fact that they occupy less than one percent of the world’s ocean surface, yet they provide home for twenty- five percent of all marine species. VA 22202. The Ningaloo coast has been named a world heritage site for its marine and terrestrial flora, fauna, natural forms and cultural value. “Coral reef and mangroves serve as cost-efficient buffers against the adverse impacts of climate change, and they already play important roles in protecting human lives and livelihoods, while providing a multitude of biodiversity benefits,” said Holly Jones, Northern Illinois University scientist and lead author of the study. Mangroves, seagrass beds and coral reefs are integral part of the coastal marine eco-systems and provide a range of eco-system services, including habitation for many fish species and marine mammals (e.g. Yet humans are rapidly destroying these reserves of “Blue Carbon,” both in mangroves, but also in other coastal ecosystems such as seagrass beds, and salt marshes. Along tropical coastlines, mangroves are vital for healthy ecosystems and human communities. Home — Essay Samples — Environment — Coral Reef — The Mangrove Trees And Coral Reefs Should Be Conserved. The management objective for coal reef communities states that it acts to ‘ensure diversity and abundance of coral reef communities in the reserves are not significantly impacted by human activities’. 686,357 total acres of protected areas with coral reefs . We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling. Students who find writing to be a difficult task. In doing so this would revert the hydrological cycle needed for the mangroves. priority' for conservation initiatives. Review Of Treadmill Predispositions and Social Responses Article Essay, My Experience Of Visiting Great Reef Barrier Essay, Geographical Characteristic Of The Great Barrier Reef Essay, The Impacts Of Coral Reef Bleaching On Marine Life Essay, The Impacts If A Rising Oceanic Acidity On Coral Reefs Essay, Convention on the conservation of Antarctic marine living resources Essay, Humanity Must Expand Taking Life on Earth and Natural Resources into Consideration Essay. Not only are investments in the conservation and restoration of mangroves and coral reefs a smart economic choice in terms of storm protection, but investments in the former can also help slow global warming. The dense interlocking roads of mangroves help to stabilize shorelines and prevent erosion. To curb this issue 1135 hectares of mangrove and mudflat area is labelled as sanctuary zone, where extracting flora and fauna is prohibited. It is therefore necessary, in the future, to establish and maintain an inventory of reef organism biodiversity to start on the path towards conservation and sustainable use of coral reefs. Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you. Removing them may improve navigation. The mangrove forest, in turn, protects the reef from sediment and extensive algal blooms. Ningaloo reef consists of 217 species of hard coral, which are the most important element to the reef construction as they provide a basis for soft corals followed by all other organisms, which rely on them for food and shelter. Long term targets aim to see no loss of these bird species and while there are no current major pressure identified. In this case, the coral reef offshore provides a break, slowing incoming waves. Mergner and Scheer (1974) forms the only work that documents the zonation of a reef habitat in Sri Lanka, indicating the paucity of knowledge on such issues of importance. The management plan outlines the strategy to ‘Implement a Mooring Plan, including the establishment and maintenance of public and private moorings, for the reserves in line with the MPRA/CALM Mooring policy.’ The plan comes after the entire Maud sanctuary zone was expelled of any boating activities, working exclusively from an intergenerational equity perspective. Crucially, mangrove forests are essential for fishery biomass, and sea grass and coral reef health as they facilitate vital biodiversity mechanisms (nurseries function), because of their habitat complexity. Australian agreements with Japan and China oblige the protection of 13 migratory birds while all birds are protected under legislation. Preserving Blue Carbon Ecosystems is a win-win-win for climate, resilience and social outcomes. this essay is not unique. we can write an original essay just for you. areas to coordinate coral reef monitoring and conservation. Make your Giving Tuesday gift now, and it will be DOUBLED — up to $55,000. We will occasionally send you account related emails. In taking the approach of intergenerational equity and seeking Maintenance of Biological Diversity, This strategy will be effective in one sense; trampling and mudcrabbing will be kept to a minimum, as seen with other human exclusion zones. Mangrove conservation would benefit from understanding the complex interrelationships between social and natural systems. Mangroves were found to be more effective than the coral reefs at decreasing wave energy. Through science, partnerships and fieldwork, Conservation International is driving innovation and investments in nature-based solutions to the climate crisis, supporting protections for critical habitats, and fostering economic development that is grounded in the conservation of nature. Decisively, the strategy is necessary to give people an environmentally sound option to secure their vessels and ultimately with the education supplied to tourists anchoring restrictions will be obliged. Mangroves, seagrass beds, and coral reefs are often found together and work in concert. That's 2X the impact, but only if you give before midnight. Published in the scientific journal PLOS ONE, the paper was co-authored by three Conservation International scientists – Dave Hole, Will Turner and Mariano Gonzalez-Roglich. The Coral Triangle is a hotspot for marine biodiversity held in its coral reefs, seagrass meadows, and mangrove forests, all of which are in global decline. Executive summary 3/11/04 7 3.0 Coral Reefs Fringing and patch reefs are found around the BOBLME region. Researching distribution and abundance in the reserves allowing the plan to be altered in the future better cater for bird populations, their nesting sites and minimise human impact. Our Impact. 2011. 1900s. 2018 Nov 05 [cited 2020 Dec 2]. Image Credit: Claudio Contreras . Mangroves are able to reduce non-storm waves by 70% of their near shore height! This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers. Several sites such as Mangrove bay and Fraser Island are main rookeries for these birds. For the coral reef communities, each management strategy is key, medium or high priority and undertaken by Conservation and Land Management and aim to conserve the reef. The health and extent of coral reefs are largely dependent on coastal mangrove forests, which stabilize shorelines, remove pollutants, improve water quality, and provide nursery habitat that maintain fisheries. A few of the most important benefits provided by coral reefs and mangroves included $755,000 per year from fisheries, $73,000 per year benefit re- sulting from recreational uses, $70,000 per year from bottom fishing, and $582,000 per year from benefits relating to shoreline protection (JacobsGIBB Ltd., 2004). Moreover, they provide habitats for a host of plant and animal species, act as nursery grounds for some of the most important artisanal and economic fisheries in the world’s oceans, and support tourism and recreational activities that contribute to the livelihoods of tens of millions of people. The reef protects the shoreline from wave activity and consequent erosion while attracting tourists to the region. Tropical coral reefs and mangroves are the world’s most productive ecosystems providing several economic and ecological benefits to humankind. 11 park rangers trained in coral reef management and best practices. Ningaloo reef consists of 217 species of hard coral, which are the most important element to the reef construction as they provide a basis for soft corals followed by all other organisms, which rely on them for food and shelter. Make your Giving Tuesday gift now, and it will be DOUBLED — up to $55,000. The conservation of biodiversity in mangrove forests and coral reefs of the Philippines is reviewed. Already, one third of these coastal ecosystems have been lost to a variety of factors including land-use change, which means there is an enormous opportunity to increase protection and reforestation efforts in these regions. See More Areas. Highly vulnerable, coastal regions that would benefit the most from the conservation of mangroves and coral reefs span across Central America, the Caribbean, Eastern Africa, Southeast Asia and the South Pacific region. Having trouble finding the perfect essay? By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. In these areas the plan maintains the ecological sustainable development model. Bills Bay has been identified as an area of concern with localised damage to coral from anchoring, however Conservation and Land Management is choosing to work with intragenerational equity by installing designated moorings. Ideally the moorings would be installed and each vessel would use the designated areas, however it would be difficult to ensure this when there are limited areas of the reserve which prohibit anchoring and isolation would make it nearly impossible to enforce, thus it has to be questioned whether the financial input would, in the long run support the growing tourist maritime activities. Tools. Of those 31 million, about 8.5 million people could directly benefit from the severe weather protection that mangroves and coral reefs offer. Ethan Daniels/Shutterstock.com Category: Marine biodiversity features. Follow Conservation International's work on Conservation News, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube. We work in 30 countries around the world, empowering societies at all levels to create a cleaner, healthier and more sustainable planet. More than 31 million people worldwide live in regions that are extremely vulnerable to sea-level rise and hurricanes or tropical cyclones. All rights reserved Gradesfixer ™, “The Mangrove Trees And Coral Reefs Should Be Conserved.”, The Mangrove Trees And Coral Reefs Should Be Conserved [Internet]. Although cost effectiveness and enforcement should be reassessed in the case of the installation of moorings, the ongoing evaluation of effected coral communities is vital and effective for placing other regulations. Another majorly important function of mangroves near reefs is shoreline protection. You can order Unique paper and our professionals Rewrite it for you. (8) They are also very effective at diminishing storm waves. Mangroves Biodiversity and Ecosystem . no adverse effects on the endangered, threatened or protected marine species. Mangroves also physically protect coastlines by breaking the sea waves during storm surges and help shield seagrass beds and coral reefs from the effects of siltation. Mangroves and coral reefs can help protect millions from rising seas . Ningaloo is Australia’s largest fringing barrier coral reef, one of longest in the world and the only fringing reef on the western side of a continent. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy. dugong). And yet only 38% of mangroves and 11% of coral reefs located along the most vulnerable coastlines are protected, according to the study. This would mean enforcement in the form of officials would be required, increasing expenditure. Coral reefs buffer wave energy by up to 97% in some contexts, significantly reducing erosion and cutting flood-damage costs in half annually. 2020 © gradesfixer.com. “Coral reef and mangroves serve as cost-efficient buffers against the adverse impacts of climate change, and they already play important roles in protecting human lives and livelihoods, while providing a multitude of biodiversity benefits,” said Holly Jones, Northern Illinois University scientist and lead author of the study. However, in another, this does not address the issue of groundwater extraction by the town of Exmouth which has led to mangrove-die off at Bundegai. In addition, the mangrove ecosystem is a source of food and a nursery ground for a number of fish species that are important to local fisheries. The Ocean Data Viewer A tool for easy access to a range of datasets that are important for the conservation of marine and coastal biodiversity. The Management Plan for Ningaloo and surrounding areas assess threats both minor and major. A master management plan is in place to protect these features for the future and specific areas included in the ‘Ningaloo Reef Marine Park and Muiron Island Marine Management Area Plan’ include coral reef communities, seabirds shorebirds and migratory wader and mangrove communities. Pssst… Mangrove regions make up 33.4 hectares of the Marine Park area found in tidal creek systems. Are you interested in getting a customized paper? If you fit this description, you can use our free essay samples to generate ideas, get inspired and figure out a title or outline for your paper. This interconnectivity increases the exchange of nutrients and movement of species and also biodiversity of the mangrove ecosystems. Get the latest updates on our work delivered to your inbox. Seabirds, shorebird and migratory waders, under international agreements and state laws must be protected and the management plan efficiently ensures this. That´s 2X the impact, but only if you give before midnight. “As interest in ecosystem-based adaptation continues to grow, its vital that it’s multiple co-benefits are part of the conversation.”. Mangroves in the Mergui archipelago, Myanmar. In return, the reefs protect the seagrass beds and mangroves from strong ocean waves. It promotes sustainable use of the biodiversity of our marine ecosystems through local and regional efforts in a partnership approach with all concerned stakeholders. Preservation of rookeries is of high priority and necessary to protect these fragile areas and maintain bird breeding populations and as no threats are currently major the management plan is taking the required precautionary approach while sustaining intergenerational equity by allowing recreational activity in most areas of the park adjacent to sensitive areas. These include coral gardening, breeding corals in tanks and transplanting them onto reefs and growing corals on artificial reef structures in the water. Attention! Mangrove conservation more valuable than ever thanks to carbon trading Photo by GRID-Arendal / 24 Jul 2019 The UN Environment Programme, the Kenya Forest Service, the Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute and partners recently launched the Vanga Blue Forests Project on the Kenyan coast, a groundbreaking initiative to trade carbon credits from mangrove conservation and … Where We Work. Reef Conservation Mauritius is a non-profit organization dedicated to the conservation and the restoration of the costal and marine environment of Mauritius. These reefs will stand a better chance of helping other reefs to regenerate. Upholding the international agreements is achieved as outlined in the management plan by addressing education of park users who are the most influential to the protection of bird habitats. Many species of coral reef fish undertake ontogenetic migrations between seagrass beds, mangroves, and coral reefs. Critical habitats –mangroves and coral reefs.

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