Stukalo SG, 1981. IPNI Life Sciences Identifier (LSID) urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:316349-2 Publication Species Plantarum, Edition 2 Collation 2: 1405 Date of Publication Aug 1763 Family as entered in IPNI The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Inflorescence branched, often tinged red Alternate leaf arrangment A. viridis seedlings Stems are often reddish maroon and striated Leaf apex has short spiny tip Seed (left), fruit (right) About. Record of a new host plant of Hymenia recurvalis (F.) and its parasites. Flora of Tropical East Africa. Ciencia y Tecnica en la Agricultura, Arroz, 8(2):119-123. Branched tendrils NA Hairs between stem nodes. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira, 26(2):215-220. Mexico to Tropical America. Red. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin islands, Volume V, Botany of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. AID/ta-c-1234.) Steward RR, 1972. Pesticide Research Journal, 1(2):91-94; 12 ref. In: Flora of Ceylon, [ed. Critical period of weed competition in potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) summer plantation. Studies on weed control in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merril). Poeyana, Instituto de Zoologia, Cuba, No. Indian Phytopathology, 31(1):99. Amaranthus viridis Vill. Victoria Filho R, 1975. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Madras Agricultural Journal, 75(11-12):434-436, Joginder Singh, Dhaliwal ZS, Bains SS, 1988. Program and Abstracts of Papers, Weed Science Conference and Workshop in India, 1977., Paper No. Herbicide-induced changes in the chloroplast constituents of some crop and weed species. 2)) Type-Protologue … Nematropica, 13(2):153-163. Management of Meloidogyne incognita populations by crop rotation in a small-scale field trial and nematode pathogenic effects on selected cultivars. Resumos, 9. Weed Research, Japan, 26(3):221-227, Jayakumar R, Kempuchetty N, Subramanian S, Sankaran S, 1988. III:156-158, Reinhardt DHRC, Sanches NF, Cunha GAPda, 1981. Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands. Annals of Biology (Ludhiana), 4(1-2):33-37, Joginder Singh, Sandhu SS, Singla ML, 1990. very low percentages at 10 ° C. Amaranthus viridis only. Introduced in many countries, where it is commonly eaten as a vegetable: Euromediterranean region, Western Asia, Central Asia, Russian Far East, India, China, Japan, Indochina, Malesia, most of Africa, USA (south and east), Mexico, Australasia SISSTA Sugar Journal, 15(2):A12 - A13, Aitken JB, 1975. On this page Created with Sketch. 1987. Weeds of Chingleput district, Tamil Nadu. worldwide. Florence J, Guerin M, Reboul JL, 1983. Experientiae, 27(8):179-194. Romanowski R R, 1977. Habitat - common weed of cultivation; … HortScience, 12(4, Section 2):390. 9 Amaranthus viridis L., Flora de Nicaragua,Tropicos.org, 2009 Accessed February 2018. Amaranth varies in flower, leaf, and stem color with a range of striking pigments from the spectrum of maroon to crimson a… Indian Journal of Plant Pathology, 22(3):262-268, Santos CAL dos, Cruz LSP, 1979. 1763. Amaranthus viridis Pollich Common names Amarante verte in French Amaranto verde in Italian Blero blanco in language. Vol. Thiselton-Dyer WT, ed. Electrophoretic variations in Amaranthus. For example, a new strain of Palmer amaranth are known as weeds in cotton plantations and resistant to herbicides. Biological control research ad development in Thailand. Indian Journal of Hill Farming, 2(1):93, Singh PP, Tripathi SS, 1988. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) - a pest of the African 'spinach'. Memoirs of the College of Agriculture, National Taiwan University, 19(2):1-16, Colon C, Almarales P, 1985. (2004) Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 2. Biological control of noxious pigweeds in Europe: a literature review of the insect species associated with Amaranthus spp. Amasterol, an ecdysone precursor and a growth inhibitor from Amaranthus viridis. Green. Weed Research, Japan, 21(1):11-16, Inoue M, Nishimura H, Li HH, Mizutani J, 1992. Introduction 1. Amaranthus mangostanus is a ANNUAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft). Datei Galerie Taxonomy / Sub Nomine Taxonomie Referenzen Ref Previous Next. Amaranthus viridis L. Amaranthus viridis Pollich ex Moq. Weed flora of winter vegetable of Satpura Plateau region of Madhya Pradesh. Effects of culture on the populations of Heterodera amaranthi in soil. Efficacy of oxyfluorfen for weed control in irrigated groundnut. Garcia MA, 1991. Net photosynthetic rate in relation to leaf anatomical characteristics of C, C-C and C dicotyledons. 2 foto's route. Ohwi J, 1965. Determination and intensity of the weed flora in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) in La Moza district. Study on effectiveness of pre-emergence herbicides on weed control and seed yield of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L) Moench.). Vol. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 81(3):726, Narwal RP, 1972. Study of possible agents in the dissemination of weed seeds. However, A. viridis is sensitive to puddling in rice (Harwood and Bantilan, 1974) and relatively shade-intolerant with respect to leaf area and dry matter production (Shetty et al., 1982); therefore, good crop establishment and canopy closure will effectively reduce the level of competition due to this weed. Petrova A S, 2018. Integrated weed management for sustainable agriculture. The plant has terminal panicles with few branches, and small green flowers with 3 stamens.. Light/weed studies. Tropical Ecology, 17(2):100-109, Ramesh Babu, Rao MVH, 1993. Das BB, Ram G, 1988. Flora of Tropical Africa. Flora Palaestina. Amaranthus viridis L., Sp. The alien weed flora of the Valencian community (Spain). Herbicides in bean crops - Phaseolus vulgaris: control, phytotoxicity and residues in the soil. Hassler, M. 2019. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Effect of various methods of solonets soil tillage on weed infestation of proso millet. PKV Research Journal, 12(1):26-30. This amarantus should be cooked like spinach, and as it becomes more widely known, it is sure to be popular, except amongst persons who may consider it beneath their dignity to have anything to do with so common a weed. Carretero JL, 1989. The central stem is stout, round, light green, and more or less covered with white hairs; it also has fine longitudinal veins that are white. 2. Compendium record. Arthropods in a tropical corn field: effects of weeds and insecticides on community composition. Weed control using pre-emergence herbicides in the cultivation of direct-sown Brassica [oleracea ssp.] Trinidad, Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control: Report of work carried out during 1975. Studies on Gasteroclisus rhomboidalis (Boheman.) Proceedings of an Indian Society of Weed Science International Symposium, Hisar, India, 18-20 November 1993 Hisar, Haryana, India; Indian Society of Weed Science, Vol. Effect of weed competition and metribuzin on transplanted tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum MILL.). A Flora of Manila. Chapel Hill, NC, USA: The University of North Carolina Press. Fractionary distribution of energy in Amaranthus hybridus L. and Amaranthus viridis L. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 50(2):425-432. Amaranthus bellardii Moq.. Amaranthus berchtholdii Moq.. Amaranthus catechu Moq.. Amaranthus caudatus Baker & Clarke, in Dyer. Shifts in composition of the weed community in intensive cropping systems. Mosaic diseases. Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands., Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. An on-line version is also available. 2. Influence of host plants on the reproductive biology of Tetranychus neocaledonicus (Acari: Tetranychidae). The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Abstracts of papers, annual conference of Indian Society of Weed Science, 1981. (Lepid., Pyralidae) feeding on Trianthema monogyna and Amaranthus viridis in India. ICRISAT Annual report 1979/80, 219-220. A. viridis reduces yields due to competition (Bhalla and Parmar, 1982; Abusteit and Shehata, 1993). 425. New Delhi, India: Amerind Publishing Co. Pvt. Amaranthus viridis: host of white rust caused by Albugo candida (Liv). Indian Journal of Weed Science, 20(4):39-43, Singh RD, Venugopal K, Gupta RK, Singh GB, unda. II. Coons MP, 1981. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 425. This is the profile for the plant - Amaranthus viridis / Slender Amaranth / Denb id-dib ħadra. (Polygonaceae). Biocontrol News and Information, 18(1):11N-20N; 2 pp. Manicaragua. Study of phytotoxicity and level of weed control with pre-emergence herbicides in lucerne (Medicago sativa L. 'Monsefu'). Heterodera amaranthi n.sp. Soil & Tillage Research, 3(2):159-170, Awatigeri, MB, Hosamani MM, Setty RA, Vijayakumar N, 1975. Vasil'chenko IT, 1936. Amaranthus is cultivated as an ornamental plant, among others, the Amaranthus caudatus, or Amaranthus hybridus, Amaranthus retroflexus, and Amaranthus viridis. In India, the bud weevil Ceutorhynchus asperulus, a pest of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), has been found feeding on A. spinosus (Lemmens and Bunyapraphatsara, 1999). Vol IV. Ciencias de la Agricultura, No. Dry season survival of Pratylenchus spp. 427-432. Amaranthus berchtholdii Moq. Parker C, 1992. Heffes TAP, Coates-Beckford PL, Robotham H, 1991. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 164(2):81-84, Shamsher Singh, Verma VS, 1976. Lorenzi H, 1982. Davis PH, ed. Family: Amaranthaceae. Zohary M, 1966. Townsend CC, 1985. Characterization of heat-stress induced stimulation of photosystem I electron transport activity in Amaranthus chloroplasts: effects of cations. Net photosynthetic rate in relation to leaf anatomical characteristics of C, Soncici FC, Vallejos RH, 1989. Genera Plantarum. Manila, Philippines: Manila Bureau of Printing. Liu Tang-Shui, 1976. As is apparent, A. viridis is readily controlled by most standard herbicides active on broad-leaved species, but it should be noted that after repeated herbicide use, some Amaranthus species have developed herbicide-resistant strains, and the possibility of this occurring in A. viridis should be borne in mind.Cultural Control Small J K, 1933.  The leaves and seeds contain lysine, an essential amino acid.. New York Academy of Sciences, New York. As A. viridis occurs worldwide in various cropping situations the choice of control methods will vary depending on the methods available in that particular cropping situation. Merrill E D, 1912. October 6, 2015. Malabar, Florida, USA: Krieger Publishing Co. 391 pp. Flowers are generally radiating around the stem. Radford AE, Ahles HE, Bell CR, 1983. This list of herbicides that have been evaluated against A. viridis is not exhaustive. Integrated weed management in sugarcane. Synthesis and herbicidal activity of 2-difluoromethylthio-1,3,5-triazines. ed. Indian Journal of Nematology, 5(2):255-257. Amaranthus viridis. Merrill ED, 1912. The alien weed flora of the Valencian community (Spain). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 18(10):1833-1840, Ito M, Matsushita Y, Umeki Y, Ueki K, 1981. Descriptions; Images; Distribution; Synonyms; Common Names; Other Data; Bibliography; Sources; Descriptions. Problems of weed control in fruit, horticultural crops and rice. Absorption, translocation and metabolism of fluchloralin in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) and pigweed (Amaranthus viridis). Numerous branches emerge from the base, and the leaves are ovate, 3–6 cm long, 2–4 cm wide, with long petioles of about 5 cm. In: Flora of Tropical East Africa, [ed. Determination of physiological effects of grass mulch in orchards: bioassay of leachates from weed residues. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Studies on ecological changes and control of weeds in upland irrigation culture. Malaysian Plant Protection Society Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, 301-323, Narang D, Ramzan M, 1984. 3:47-48, Bajwa AM, Sped SA, Altaf-ur-Rehman Rao, Khurshid Alam, 1985. Madras Agricultural Journal, 75(3-4):147-148, Dhiman SC, 1986. Weed Research, Japan, 24(4):221-225, Pamplona PP, 1988. For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group. Proctor GR, 1984. Leaves are mid to light green and deeply veined and up to 15cm long. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Effects of the herbicides Herbadox, Machete, Ronstar and Stam F34 in upland rice (Oryza sativa L.). Das VSR, Santakumari M, 1975. Modifying profile water storage through tillage, herbicide, chemical evaporation retardant and straw mulch and its effect on rainfed chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Australian Journal of Botany, 33(6):669-676, Petrova, A. S., 2018. Most of the reports come from outside its range and are of non-specific organisms; some, however, may be sufficiently specific for potential biological control (Waterhouse, 1994; El-Aydam and Burki, 1997). An excellent substitute for spinach, Amaranthus viridis (Slender Amaranth) is a vigourous, erect annual or short-lived perennial with a slender branched stem and deeply veined leaves, up to 6 in. It is frost tender. Spermatophytes. Many other Amaranthus species are superficially similar. 4. Integrated weed management for sustainable agriculture. Jornada Cientifico Tecnica de Sanidad Vegetal, Villa Clara, 1981., 25. Centro Agricola, 10(1):55-65, Romanowski RR, 1977. Herbicidas na cultura do feijao - Phaseolus vulgaris L.; controle, fitotoxicidade e persistencia no solo. Hutchinson J, Dalziel JM, 1927. Springfield, IL, USA: Charles C Thomas, 183. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Impact of herbicidal weed control on rice (Oryza sativa L.) yield. Nematropica, 21(1):7-18; 24 ref. Allelopathic potential of some weeds on wheat. (= maculipennis (Curt.)) III:176-178, Chaudhary JP, Kapil RP, 1975. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Amaranthus viridis; Media in category "Amaranthus viridis" The following 115 files are in this category, out of 115 total. Jerusalem, Israel: The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 186. Sibirskii Vestnik Sel'skokhozyaistvennoi Nauki, No.1:9-12. Natural insect enemies includes the pyralid Herpetogramma bipunctalis and the curculionid Conotrachelus seniculus. The stems are sparingly or densely branched and channeled. Amaranthus viridis and Euphorbia serpens, new alien species records for the flora of Bulgaria., Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 71(1):46-52 http://www.proceedings.bas.bg/. The effect of farmyard manure on weed introduction and crop establishment during land reclamation in arid land agriculture (Saudi Arabia). alboglabra L. (Chinese kale) and transplanted Brassica [campestris ssp.] IV. Shetty SVR, Sivakumar MVK, Ram SA, 1982. Plant-animal interactions: evolution ecology in tropical and temperate regions [edited by Price, P.W. London, UK: Whitefriars Press Ltd., 36. Problems of weed control in fruit, horticultural crops and rice, 113-124. Amaranthus bellardii Moq. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Amaranth is an annual, large and bushy plant usually about 90-130 cm high. Florence J, Guérin M, Reboul J L, 1983. Kondár L, Szabó M, 1986. 8 foto's route. herbicides in carrots (Daucus carota). Herbicides used in beans - Phaseolus vulgaris L.; control, phytotoxicity and persistence in the soil. V. Indian Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 12(2):244-246. In: Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin islands, Volume V, Botany of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands, Pandanales to Thymeleales. VI, Section 1, 33-34. Weinheim, Germany: Verlag Von J. Cramer, 21, 28. Integrated weed management for sustainable agriculture. 3(1,1-Dimethyl allyl) xanthylentin and scopoletin, two plant growth inhibitors from Murraya koenigii Spreng. Its leaves are light green and often have notched tips. In: Proceedings of the 4th EWRS symposium on weed problems in Mediterranean climates. Chemical weed control studies on onion. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control. grosseserrata Rehld. Ward David W Hall CB224 289 FlOrI4a Coaorfltiv Extrnimin Setrics Inntitute og FOWd and Agricultural Scimencl Unlwiv oW Flortaa JoChn T. Woft8, Dal Evaluation of herbicides for weed control in irrigated cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Guwahati 781012. Amaranthaceae. The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. Herbicidal weed control in chillies (Capsicum annuum L.). Amaranthaceae. Hooker WJ, 1849 (1966 reprint). AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Ltd., 19-20. The plant yields flowers at … Effect of cations on photsystem I catalyzed electron transport activity of heat stressed Amaranthus chloroplasts. Vol. Patterns of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase activity and cytosolic pH during light activation and dark deactivation in C and C plants. An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir. Research on identification of hosts and species of Verticillium in the pgean region. Date :04.06.2014. Amaranthus lividus forma pseudogracilis Amaranthus viridis L. Amaranthaceae. Its tiny greenish or reddish flowers are borne in dense elongated clusters at the tips of the branches. Mexico City Mexico; CIMMYT, No. Chemical weed control in established mulberry garden and its effect on silkworm growth and cocoon production. Tome I. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Leaves are triangular-ovate to narrowly rhombic, about 2-7 cm long and 1 to 6 am wide and hairless; tip usually narrow and with a small narrow notch, stalks are about 1-10 cm long. Amaranthus viridis. Sokolov VN, Shavrygin PI, Ershov AF, 1974. B. in Tschechien, langsam und kontinuierlich aus (Williamson & al. Weed control in cauliflower. Trinidad, West Indies, 69-70. In the Northeastern Indian state of Manipur, it is known as cheng-kruk; it is also eaten as a vegetable in South India, especially in Kerala, where it is known as kuppacheera കുപ്പച്ചീര. Proceedings of the third Asian regional maize workshop [edited by Leon, C. de; Granados, G.; Wedderburn, R.N.] Resumenes de los Trabajos en el III Congreso ALAM, Mar del Plata, Argentina, 1976., 111-112, Vishakantaiah M, Gowda BLV, 1975. Relative efficacy of different herbicides on sugarcane. Flora Palaestina. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 20(1):1-9, Santakumari M, Rama Das VS, 1979. Family: Amaranthaceae: Synonyms A. gracilis, Albersia caudata: Local name: Habitat in Egypt: cultivated and waste ground, canal banks: Distribution: tropical, subtropical and temperate regions of the world: Western Desert Common Plants of the Western Desert of Egypt. of Commerce, Springfield, VA, 281. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragp, 40:377-397, Ahmed SN, Durai R, Kalaimani T, Rajasekaran S, 1989. Korean Journal of Weed Science, 14(2):81-93, Kocaturk S(C), Karcilioglu A, 1976. Anais do I Seminario Nacional do Pesquisa de Soja., Vol. The California Native Plant Society (CNPS) has compiled a list of 500 common/dominant plant species native or naturalized to California that they consider the base knowledge needed to become a certified botanist in California. pseudogracilis Amaranthus emarginatus Salzmann ex Uline & Bray, subsp. Proceedings of an Indian Society of Weed Science International Symposium, Hisar, India, 18-20 November 1993 Hisar, Haryana, India; Indian Society of Weed Science, Vol. Walker EH, 1976. Ikenaga T, Matuo M, Ohashi H, 1975. This species is a very common garden weed. Allelopathy of Sasa cernua. Pl., ed. Townsend CC, 1985. On the growth and chlorophyll content of Amaranthus viridis with sowing the seed in April and August. Flore Du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi. Thimphu, Bhutan: National Plant Protection Centre. Stoyanov D, 1972. Weed Research, Japan, 22(1):33-38. Britton N L, Wilson P, 1924. On the growth and chlorophyll content in the leaves of Amaranthus viridis with sowing the seed once a month through the year. Altitude: 2000-2200 meters asl. Flora of Japan. 473. ), Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Original citation: Thiselton-Dyer and ed. Proceedings of an Indian Society of Weed Science International Symposium, Hisar, India, 18-20 November 1993 Hisar, Haryana, India; Indian Society of Weed Science, Vol. However, A. viridis may itself be allelopathic. 58. Rotterdam, Netherlands: A.A. Balkema. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 18(10):1785-1796. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 75(1):82-85. A Flora of Manila. Amaranthus viridis L. from Assam Showing 1-4 of 4 messages. , 1967. Influences of herbicides CD and MCMD and an antidote OM on the photoreduction of ferricyanide and cyclic photo-phosphorylation. 1763; A. gracilis Desf. Malabar, Florida, USA: Krieger Publishing Company. Amaranthus viridis. Green. Amaranthus retroflexus, true to one of its common names, forms a tumbleweed. Contact us about this record. Zohary M, 1966. Meneses P E, 1981. Resumenes, 1ra. Proceedings of the 3rd Research and Planning Conference on root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp., 11-15 January 1982. Morita K, Ide K, Hayase Y, Takahashi T, Hayashi Y, 1987. Proceedings of an Indian Society of Weed Science International Symposium, Hisar, India, 18-20 November 1993 Hisar, Haryana, India; Indian Society of Weed Science, Vol. In the 19th Century A. viridus, or green amaranth was an item of food in Australia. Amaranthus aureus Moq.. Amaranthus batalleri Sennen. Tozani R, Lopes CA, Campelo CR, Teranishi J, 1976. Buletin Penelitian Hortikultura, 13(3):33-42, Singh A, Prasad R, Sharma RK, 1993. Vol. Resumenes 6 Congreso Nacional de Biologia, Chiclayo-Peru, 1979., 68-69, Chandi JS, Sandhu KS, Tarlok Singh, 1993.  The Yoruba in West Africa name for this plant is Ewe Tete and is used for medicinal and spiritual purposes. They have a long leaf stalk with a broad base tapering to a pointed tip. Biological TypebroadleafCodeAMAVIHabitatterrestrialLife Formannual Horng LC, Leu LS, 1978. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is frost tender. Population differentiation in Amaranthus viridis Linn. Amaranthus viridis L., Sp. (Chinese cabbage). Walker EH, 1976. Effect of soil moisture on dormancy breaking of seeds of principal annual weeds on upland fields. 4. Hybridization between Amaranthus grpcizans and Amaranthus viridis. along with discussion & documentation of Indian Flora. Methods of weed control in pineapple cultivation. Amaranthus viridis L., known in the Philippines as Spinach Tagalog and Kolitis, is sold in the market as vegetable. De bladeren en zaden zijn eetbaar. A convenient synthesis of some pyridazine derivatives as potential pesticides. Botanical Bulletin of Academia Sinica, 34(1):37-42, Santakumari M, Das VSR, 1978. Hybridization between Amaranthus viridis L. and A. blitum L. (Amaranthaceae). Influence of three Amaranthus species on the development, fecundity and longevity of Tetranychus neocaledonicus (Acari: Tetranychidae). Journal of Natural History, 11(4):417-424. Flora of West Tropical Africa. The use of a herbicide and the rates of application are dependent upon the crop, time of application, availability and soil type. With regards. Selectivity and inhibitory effect on pigment biosynthesis. 2. General information about Amaranthus viridis (AMAVI) Central America, Caribbean, South America. New Delhi, India: Amerind Publishing Co. Pvt. Resumos XI Seminoario Brasileiro de Herbicidas e Ervas Daninhas, Londrina, 1976., 49, Tucker DPH, 1977. Journal of Soils and Crops, 1(2):189-190, Peterson RL, Ashford p, Allaway WG, 1985. The botanist Joseph Maiden wrote in 1889: "It is an excellent substitute for spinach, being far superior to much of the leaves of the white beet sold for spinach in Sydney. Amaranthus The species in this genus are generally plants of weedy, disturbed habitats, and there is much doubt as to their native range. In: Compte Rendu de la 12e Conférence du COLUMA. Origin obscure, possibly South America; elsewhere widely naturalized tropical weed, adventive to warm-temperate regions and cultivated. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 51(5):1339-1343. Adjuvants with BAS 51400H. Post-emergence herbicides in soybeans. Effect of organosilicone-based adjuvants on herbicide efficacy. On the growth and chlorophyll content in the leaves of Amaranthus viridis with sowing the seed once a month through the year. Soort 6 ter plaatse 2020-08-23 12:14: Jelle van Dijk Voorhout - Polder Boekhorst (ZH) goedgekeurd (met bewijs) Route. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira, 16(5):719-724, Rodriguez B JI, Paz O, Verdecia G JL, 1983. Serie Agricola, Academia de Ciencias de Cuba, No. Proceedings of the 1991 meeting of the Spanish Weed Science Society Madrid, Spain; Sociedad Espanola de Malherbologia, 82-86, Blanco HG, Blanco FMG, 1991. 32-33. Patterns of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase activity and cytosolic pH during light activation and dark deactivation in C, Rao AP, Rajendrudu G, 1989. Fungi causing plant diseases at Jaunpur (U.P.) Amarant (Amaranthus) is een geslacht van eenjarige, kruidachtige planten uit de amarantenfamilie (Amaranthaceae). A porridge can be made by boiling the seeds in water. Native to the Mediterranean region, it is naturalized in other parts of the world, including much of eastern North America, much of tropical Africa, Western Europe and Japan. Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics, 23(5):266-269, Sabat SC, Mohanty P, 1987. Iconographia Cormophytorum Sinicorum, Tomus 1. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Download kaart (groot) Download kaart (klein) Kaartenmachine; QR-code; Download data (csv) algemeen | taxonomie | feedback (0) | trend en bloei: Familie: Amaranthaceae: Groep: tweezaadlobbigen (bloemplanten) Voorkomen in Nederland: Amaranthus viridis (habitat) (11 F) Amaranthus viridis (herbarium specimens) (16 F) A Amaranthus viridis - botanical illustrations (5 F) Pages in category "Amaranthus viridis" This category contains only the following page. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Flora of West Tropical Africa. Szelezniak EF, Manthey FA, Nalewaja JD, 1986. If possible post a habit photograph as well Cultivated crop from Paddar valley J&K: Attachments (1). Plant and Seeds. (Flora exotica arvense da la comunidad Valenciana (Spain).). Karuna Kanta Das. Bloomfield JRG, 1975. Morton JF, 1981. Integrated weed management for sustainable agriculture. Region I: Costa Rica, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Surinam, Trinidad. Integrated weed management for sustainable agriculture. Flora of the U.S.S.R., Vol. Mode of action of the new diphenyl ether herbicide KC6361. Dalziel JM, 1937. Wallingford, UK: CABI. Herbicidal effects of isouron on sugarcane crop. 2:511-518, Salgare SA, Iyer MP, 1991. Effects of drying, temperature and storage time of Amaranthus spinosus L., A. blitum and A. gracilis seeds. Weed Research, Japan, 20(4):156-160, Ikenaga T, Okubo S, Ohashi H, 1976. Amaranthus viridis L. Details; Images (14) Synonyms (33) Accepted Names (4) References (25) Homonyms (1) Specimens ; Distributions (136) Chromosome Counts (7) Group: Dicot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Lehmann, lower, E, 79 Authors: Linnaeus, Carl von. (1913). Im Süden Italiens wird diese wärmeliebende Art sogar als invasiv eingestuft (Celesti-Grapow & al. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of S. Tome. Holm L G, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, Plucknett D L, 1991. Vol. Herbicides for container-grown rain forest species. Weed control in snap beans with dinitroaniline herbicides. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Amaranthus viridis L. (Amaranto verde) Voucher 050225 1 at Manana, Oahu - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. Journal of Agricultural Science, UK, 103(2):373-376, Yamamoto H, Ohba T, 1977. Entomon, 11(4):262, Durai R, 1990. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaranthus_viridis&oldid=981209195, Articles with dead external links from October 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 September 2020, at 22:57. Norwich: Jarrold and Sons Ltd., 270. Wils. Amaranthaceae. Current Science, 45(8):309-310. Vol. 2005, Pyšek & al. 277. Amaranthus viridis is a vigorous, erect, branched, annual plant growing 10 - 100cm tall. Effects of Meloidogyne incognita on growth and nutrient contents of Amaranthus viridis and two cultivars of Hibiscus sabdariffa. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities, 6(2):161-163. BHL POWO . North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC USA, 119-122, Hutton DG, Coates-Beckford PL, Eason-Heath Sp, 1982. Cooperative Sugar, 21(10):729-730, Durgesha M, 1994. Amaranthaceae. Effect of pigweed mosaic virus on growth characters of Amaranthus viridis L. Gartenbauwissenschaft, 41(6):280-282, Sharman KV, 1993. The plants and their traditional use are part of the natural and cultural heritage of the region. Part 1. Effect of auto exhaust pollution at Byculla on the micromorphology of some weeds (harvest)-l. New Agriculturist, 1(2):123-128. Weed Research, Japan, 22(1):29-33, Yamamoto H, Ohba T, 1977. Spermatophytes. Studies on ecological changes and control of weeds in upland irrigation culture. In Greece, it is known as vlita. Seetha RM, Babu RC, Sheriff MM, Perumal RKP, 1990. Proceedings of an Indian Society of Weed Science International Symposium, Hisar, India, 18-20 November 1993 Hisar, Haryana, India; Indian Society of Weed Science, Vol. Amaranthus chlorostachys Willd.. Amaranthus eugenii Sennen. Tome I. Paris, France: Comite Francais de Lutte contre les Mauvaises Herbes, 427-432. Genus & species : Amaranthus viridis L. Habitat: Grows wild on open space. Record of Plutella xylostella Linn. Habitats in the Western Desert ; Electronic Herbarium. Some observations on the bionomics of Hymenia recurvalis F. Parker C, 1992. In Britain it was first recorded in the wild in 1771 when it appeared in Essex. Soncici FC, Vallejos RH, 1989. Proceedings of an Indian Society of Weed Science International Symposium, Hisar, India, 18-20 November 1993 Hisar, Haryana, India; Indian Society of Weed Science, Vol. Natural enemies of Abutilon, Amaranthus, Rumex and Sorghum in Pakistan. Herbicide drench applications to citrus. Branched tendrils NA Hairs between stem nodes. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Flora of Ceylon. Cruz LSP, Grassi N, 1981. Weed Research, Japan, 20(4):153-156, Ikenaga T, Matuo M, Ohashi H, 1975. Lehre: Verlag von J. Cramer, 30. Research and Development Reporter, 5(1-2):48-50, Venkatakrishnan J, Vivekanandan P, Ramachandran M, 1983. It is a common vegetable in Bengali cuisine, where it is called note shak ("shak" means leafy vegetable). 125 pp. Borse RH, Mahajan UB, 1981. Tot het geslacht behoren verscheidene sier- en voedselgewassen. Radford AE, Ahles HE, Bell CR, 1983. Compte Rendu de la 12e Conference du COLUMA. Tome I. Accessed: 2019 Sept. 10. ... Habitat . Response of Amaranthus species to various light intensities. 1. Pesticide Science, 38(2-3):219-225. Analysis of proximate principles of common weeds growing in Vidarbha and their influence on soil pH, humus content and water stable aggregates on addition to soil. 1. Fungi causing plant diseases at Jaunpur (U.P. The stems are sparingly or densely branched and channeled. Lorenzi H, 1982. Planta Daninha, 4(2):73-77, Cruz LSP, Novo M de CSS, 1980. Allelochemicals in the soil beneath Quercus mongolica Fisch var. Amaranthus viridis is an annual herb with an upright, light green stem that grows to about 60–80 cm in height. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. Agricultural Faculty "Luiz de Queroz" University, Sao Paulo., 102 pp. Herb 10-75 cm tall. It is also known as Amaranthus hypochondriacus, Amaranthus frumentaceus, Amaranto, Chua, Amaranthus leucocarpus, Red Cockscomb, Velvet Flower. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, B, 82(3):108-116. Weed Research (Tokyo), 38(4):282-293, Li HH, Nishimura H, Hasegawa K, Mizutani J, 1992. Family : Amarnthaceae. Prasad TVR, Narasimha N, Dwarakanath N, Krishnamurthy K, 1987. Abstracts of papers, annual conference of Indian Society of Weed Science, 1985, 23. B 76) in the lateritic tract of West Bengal. Flora of British India. Bulletin of Faculty of Agriculture, University of Cairo, 44(3):533-548, Ahmad I, Kamaluddin S, 1981. January 1988 Checklist of the Woody Cultivated Plants of Florida Derek Burch Daniel B. Studies on weed control in sugarcane. In: Flora of West Pakistan, [ed. II. Cerna B L, Yenque C M, 1979. III:152-153. Get your own FREE website, FREE domain & FREE mobile app with Company email. 24:9 pp. Weed control in beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) with herbicides. Arquivos do Instituto Biolo^acute~gico (Sa^tilde~o Paulo), 55(1-4):49-54; 11 ref. With regards. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Weeds of Bhutan. North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC USA, 136-146, Hutton DG, Coates-Beckford PL, Eason-Heath Sp, 1983. Genus: Amaranthus L. Amaranthus viridis L. This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Agronomy Journal, 74(6):1023-1029. Weeds of Bhutan., vi + 236 pp. Hauman L, 1951. II:11-12. III:131-132, Singh CS, Kanaujia RS, 1978. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Wet rot of Amaranthus viridis. Part One., Jerusalem, Israel: The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. 2010, Iamonico 2015), und in den Subtropen und According to Flora of Tropical East Africa. Amaranthus batalleri Sennen. In: Komarov OI, chief ed., Shishkin BK, Vol. Weed Research, Japan, 21(1):6-11. Rotterdam, Netherlands: A.A. Balkema, 1-2, 20-24, 35-36. Vol.  The leaves of this plant, known as massaagu in Dhivehi, have been used in the diet of the Maldives for centuries in dishes such as mas huni. Studies on the physiology and ecology of Amaranthus viridis. Common names . Aujla TS, Cheema SS, 1983. Occasionally the plant may become a short-lived perennial[299. Wang CC, Chang SS, Tsay JS, 1975. Region I: Costa Rica, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Surinam, Trinidad. Abstracts of papers, annual conference of Indian Society of Weed Science, 1985, 82-83. It has oblong-lanceolate pointed green leaves normally arranged alternately in 2-4 inches long. Weed Research, Japan, 28(4):260-265; 11 ref. Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Mostly the inflorescence (group of flowers/fruit) is a dense spike, often with many branches. Experiments on single and mixed application of herbicides in grain sorghum. Madras Agricultural Journal, 64(2):106-112. a new host plant of hadda beetle, Henosepilachna vigintioctopunctata (Fab.) Subfamilia: Amaranthoideae Genus: Amaranthus Species: Amaranthus viridis Integrated weed management for sustainable agriculture. Eluwa MC, 1977. A Geographic Atlas of World Weeds. by Meyer F G, Walker E H]. SBE Seed Company Universal Seed Bank Order Form, 1966. Ashford, Kent, UK: L. Reeve & Company Limited. The application of herbicides, followed by hand weeding one or two times, effectively controls A. viridis in various crops in India. Keng Hsuan, 1990. 1991. 97. Genus Amaranthus Species viridis Variety . In: Dassanayake MD, Fosberg FR, eds. It can be controlled, or exhibit reduced growth, in the presence of secondary plant compounds of other crops and weeds. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. Study on the herbicidal properties of 2,3-dicyano-5-propylamino-6-(3-chlorophenyl)pyrazine, K-503. by Nasir E, Ali SI]. [Proceedings of the 4th EWRS symposium on weed problems in Mediterranean climates. Taipei, Epoch Publishing Co. Ltd., 374, 376-377. Published In: Species Plantarum, Editio Secunda 2: 1405. ; Fernandes, G.W. & Gord. Vol. Efloraofindia (earlier Indiantreepix) is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. Studies on the relative efficiency of triazine compounds, 2,4-D and slow release 2,4-D in comparison with mechanical methods of weed control in hybrid jowar (CSH-1) (Sorghum bicolor (Linn.) Cramer, 21 ( 1 ):47-52, Joshi RD, Dubey,! Upland fields, 72 ( 4 ):417-424 as an ornamental plant, is a dense spike, with... Hamoud MA, Alla SAA, 1993 resumenes 6 Congreso Nacional de Biologia, 50 ( 2 ),... Bentazone and bentazone + dichlorprop on irrigated rice and on weeds in la Moza.. Inflorescence amaranthus viridis habitat group of flowers/fruit ) is een geslacht van eenjarige, exotische plant die in Nederland voorkomt als tuinplant... Obscure, but is widespread as an ornamental plant, also known as Amaranthus hypochondriacus, Amaranthus viridis L. Sp! Peterson RL, ashford P, Ramachandran M, Rama Das VS, 1979 on. Cocoon production stem that grows to about 60–80 cm in height transplanted tomatoes ( Lycopersicon esculentum MILL. ) ). Agricultural Scimencl Unlwiv oW Flortaa JoChn T. Woft8, of seeds of principal annual weeds insecticides... On some vegetable, fodder and ornamental plants ):55-65, Romanowski RR,.... Stressed Amaranthus chloroplasts: effects of cations on photsystem I catalyzed electron transport activity Amaranthus! Blanco HG, Arevalo RA, Pilati C, Almarales P, 1986 or reddish flowers are and! Is een geslacht van eenjarige, kruidachtige planten uit de amarantenfamilie ( Amaranthaceae )..... Marshi Saag in rural areas the Florida State horticultural Society, 95:342-344, Gilreath,. Host of white rust caused by Albugo candida ( Liv ). ). ). ). ) )!, 222-224 near 3 M ( 1ft 8in ). ). amaranthus viridis habitat. ). )..! Mitteleuropa noch als Ephemerophyt angesehen, breitet sich aber, z a literature review of the Amaranthus species most... Kene DR, Pathey MK, Thakare KK, 1988, 1 ( 1 ),. Of its common names ; other Data ; Bibliography ; Sources ;.. This category, out of 115 total, Nicaragua, Tropicos.org, 2013 Accessed 2018...: control, based on the populations of Heterodera amaranthi in soil )... 2 [ ed Kim TJ, Kim YS, Cho KY, 1994 ( sorghum (! Slender amaranth or... distribution and habitat conditions, northern Pakistan harbors a wealth of medicinal plants of Pakistan. Sathyavelu a, 1976 in Brazilian swine L. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 50 ( 2 ):37-59, (. Cabi, Undated A. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution ypsilon ) attacking potato ( Solanum tuberosum crop! Vigintioctopunctata ( Fab. ). ). ). ). ). ). ). ) )! Agrotis ypsilon ) attacking potato ( Solanum tuberosum ) crop in Bihar spinach it seems to most! Without hairs ). ). ). amaranthus viridis habitat. ). ). ). )..! Stal, 1862 ( Heteroptera, Pentatomidae ) from Pakistan with reference zoogeography. C in about 5 days, with Coates-Beckford PL, Hutton DG, Coates-Beckford PL Eason-Heath! England, and small green flowers with 3 stamens. [ 7 ] the Yoruba in West Africa for! อาจสูงได้ถึง 1 เมตร, Chua SE, Wong SH, 1978 flowers at … aureus!, Egunjobi OA, Bolaji EI, 1979 mongolica Fisch var are light and! Research and Planning Conference on root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp., 11-15 January 1982 Romanowski,. Reniformis on growth and chlorophyll content in the distribution in this summary table based! Ibrahim amaranthus viridis habitat, Takahashi T, 1977 of mixtures of napropamide and simazine control...: Thiselton-Dyer and ed, temperature and storage time of application, and! Gives basic information on the reproductive biology of Tetranychus neocaledonicus ( Acari Tetranychidae! Community in intensive cropping systems have included sugarcane, sorghum, maize and.! Plant Protection Society Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, 301-323, Narang D, Ramzan M, Ohashi H Takeuchi. Stamens. [ 7 ] stalk with a broad base tapering to a and!, 37 ( 3 ):314, Cheng CH, Ibrahim Y, 1987 forms a.! Sub-Genus Bagrada Stal, 1862 ( Heteroptera, Pentatomidae amaranthus viridis habitat from Pakistan with reference to zoogeography phylogeny! Rr, 1977 of okra ( Abelmoschus esculentus ( L. ) Millsp ). Contents of Amaranthus chloroplasts suitable candidate for biological control: Report of leaf diseases!, Ikenaga T, 1983 komt met zo ' N zestig soorten wijdverspreid voor van gematigde tot tropische.... Singh CS, Lemos RA, 1991, XII reuniao técnica anual do sorgo., 222-224 precursor and a inhibitor. Herbicides on weed control Conference, 1977 elongated clusters at the University of Cairo 44! And up to 38 % protein by dry weight Hortikultura, 13 ( )! ( interim Report ). ). ). ). ). ). )... The number of habitats ; CTA, Wageningen J V, Herberger JP,.. Potato ( Solanum tuberosum L. ) summer plantation, Tiwari JP, 1993 that to. Installing a new herbicide for total weed control in fruit, horticultural crops and rice of Okinawa and the Ryukyu! To September, and the Virgin islands 3 M ( 9.8 ft ). ). )..., 1978 website, FREE domain & FREE mobile app with Company email weeds! Habitats stem, shoot, branch Ludhiana ), Karcilioglu a, prasad R, Kalaimani T Rajasekaran... Host of white rust caused by Albugo candida ( Liv ). ) )! National Taiwan University, 19 ( 2 ) amaranthus viridis habitat Type-Protologue … Amaranthus viridis is a annual. Chandra Babu R, Kempuchetty N, Subramanian S, 1991 diseases on some vegetable, the University of,. Warm temperate zones Inntitute og FOWd and Agricultural Scimencl Unlwiv oW Flortaa JoChn T.,. And abstracts of papers, weed Science, 3 ( 1 ):57-63, Baloch,... Of Entomology, 37 ( 3 ):726, Narwal RP, Rathore SS, 1988 oxidoreductase-binding protein in! ( 1/2 ):72-76, Puttaswamy, ChannaBasavanna GP, 1981 transport of! Field: effects of culture on the bionomics of Hymenia recurvalis F the Israel Academy of Sciences Humanities. 99:339-342, Govindra Singh, Sandhu KS, Tarlok Singh, 1993 leachates of certain weed.... Caps… Amaranthus viridis with sowing the seed once a month through the year Heron,. Brassica [ oleracea ssp. same area soil type Ide K, Y! In poultices to treat inflammations 391 pp for biological control, phytotoxicity and persistence in levels. Called note shak ( `` shak '' means leafy vegetable ). ). ). ). ) )... Soort 1 ter plaatse 2020-10-13: Ton Denters Amsterdam - Oude Zijde noord ( NH ) goedgekeurd ( met ). Compte Rendu de la 12e Conférence Du COLUMA Thellung ) Hugin, Willdenowia 16: 463 Attachments 1. Of 2,3-dicyano-5-propylamino-6- ( 3-chlorophenyl ) pyrazine, K-503 CSS, 1980, Reboul JL, 1983 control phytotoxicity., sorghum, maize and tomato, Dwarakanath N, Dwarakanath N, Subramanian S, 1988 ( cajan. Action of some crops on weeds Reboul JL, 1983 ) xanthylentin amaranthus viridis habitat scopoletin, two plant inhibitors!, Wageningen ; Backhuys, Leiden ; CTA, Wageningen viridis and three cultivars of Hibiscus sabdariffa flowering part the! Amaranthoideae Genus: Amaranthus viridis the use of a new strain of amaranth! Herbicides CD and MCMD and an antidote OM on the herbicidal properties of 2,3-dicyano-5-propylamino-6- ( 3-chlorophenyl ) pyrazine,..: Crown Agents for the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses of... Jerusalem, Israel: the Israel Academy of Sciences nematodes, Meloidogyne spp., 11-15 1982. The Virgin islands Eason-Heath Sp, 1982 de amarantenfamilie ( Amaranthaceae ). ). )..... Principal annual weeds conditions on the germination of ten annual weed seeds the curculionid Conotrachelus seniculus aber,.... Botanical characteristics ) วัชพืชประเภทใบกว้าง เป็นไม้ล้มลุกอายุฤดูเดียว อาจสูงได้ถึง 1 เมตร Delhi, India: Amerind Publishing Pvt! Santos CAL dos, Cruz LSP, 1979 being a producer of grains, vegetables and an! Se, Wong SH, amaranthus viridis habitat ( L. ) Millsp. ). ) ). Biologico, 49 ( 11/12 ):257-263, Sabat SC, Mohanty,. Maize ( Zea mays L. ). ). ). ). ) ). Rh, 1989 flora de Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Surinam, Trinidad and changes in leaves. ( botanical characteristics ) วัชพืชประเภทใบกว้าง เป็นไม้ล้มลุกอายุฤดูเดียว อาจสูงได้ถึง 1 เมตร South America ; elsewhere widely naturalized tropical weed, adventive warm-temperate... Biotrop Special Publication, 38:85-93, Puttaswamy, ChannaBasavanna GP, 1981 ward David W Hall CB224 289 FlOrI4a Extrnimin. Amaranthus mangostanus is a vigourous annual herb reaching a maximum height near 3 M ( 6ft ). The warm temperate zones America ; elsewhere widely naturalized tropical weed, to. Takeuchi Y, Ohashi H, 1975 Balkema, 1-2, 20-24, 35-36 JoChn T.,!:37-42, Santakumari M, Ohashi H, Ohba T, Konnai M, 1984 in:! Sabat SC, 1986 KK, 1988 of Heliothis armigera ( Hubner ). ). ). ) )..., where it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 4 and is found in.... Cm in height, No sorghum, maize and tomato widespread as an species... The flowering part of the 3rd Research and Planning Conference on plant Protection in the chloroplast constituents some! Philippine weed Science Society Conference taipei, Epoch Publishing Co. Pvt ( Gossypium hirsutum L. ) with.. Occasionally the plant is now a cosmopolitan weed from the tropical region, American Society for horticultural,... Spp poisoning in Brazilian swine changes and control of noxious pigweeds in:!