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downy birch catkins

Unlike its close relative, downy birch does not require much light, and it thrives also on waterlogged sites. The two species are often found together, along with a third, Betula nana or the dwarf birch, in the Scottish Highlands. In Scotland the timber of the tree is used in homes for furniture, carts, and gates. Silver Birch – Betula pendula. 1st instar nymphs of birch shieldbugs (Elasmostethus interstinctus) on the stem of a catkin on the birch tree. Birch wood is tough and heavy, making it suitable for furniture, handles and toys. ... (catkin; slender, usually pendulous inflorescence with crowded unisexual flowers) Number of pistils 1 … Many of the birch trees that we see in the countryside in Britain and Ireland are not true Silver Birches but hybrids between Betula pendula and the Downy Birch Betula pubescens. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots and are also known as lambs' tails. Appearing from April to May, male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. in length, whilst the female flowers are upright and 1.2 – 2 cm. Tell us what's happening to the trees around you and help scientists track the effects of climate change on wildlife. They have been here since the end of the last Ice Age, quickly moving into newly-exposed areas and colonising them with their wind-blown seeds. The springtime flowers are catkins which stay on the tree and contain the mature seed by autumn. Downy birch is tolerant of wet sites, but silver birch needs good drainage. It has serrate leaves, not doubly serrate like silver birch. As such it’s much smaller than … Male catkins are 4-5cm long and yellow-brown in colour. This makes it possible for other, more demanding trees to move in. © Copyright 2020 The Conservation Volunteers, Registered in England as a limited company (976410) and as a charity in England (261009) and Scotland (SCO39302)Registered Office: Sedum House, Mallard Way, Doncaster DN4 8DB. The shoots are grey-brown with fine downy. Female catkins are smaller, short, bright green and erect. Silver birch (Betula pendula) and the two easily hybridise. The common and widespread Eurasian birch species that many people know is silver birch, Betula pendula, also known as European white birch. Triangular in shape but more rounded at the base than silver birch leaves. Downy Birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree. The female catkins, where the seeds develop, eventually disintegrate in September and October, releasing the seeds. Download our free Tree ID app for Android and iPhone to identify the UK's native and non-native trees. Seed Guide:Birch cones can be collected from the lower branches of trees. These may eventually overshadow the downy birch and replace it as the dominant tree. The sap is rich in sugar and when tapped in spring can be made into … Leaf stalks are downy, as opposed to hairless on silver birch. The downy birch has oval leaves that are rounded or triangular at the base. The female catkins appear in spring with the new shoots. Registered in England No. In between these teeth are smaller teeth. Ludwell Valley Park, Exeter, Devon, UK. Downy Birches are monoeciousmeaning that have both male and female catkins on the same tree. In Britain, the two main species of birch are Betula pendula (silver birch) and Betula pubescens (downy birch). Birch Tree in Spring; Betula pendula; Catkins; UK. Male catkins typically from between April and May in groups of two to four. It is characteristically found in birch moors and mixed birch-and-oak woodlands. ... Silver birch can easily be confused with the similar downy birch (Betula pubescens). Silver birch has hairless and warty shoots whereas downy birch shoots are covered in small, downy hairs. Female catkins are smaller, short, bright green and erect. Identification difficulty. Masses of tiny seeds are borne in autumn and dispersed by the wind. Look out for: bark which is grey-white, and triangular-shaped leaves.Identified in winter by: bark which is white all year round and twigs that are softly hairy to the touch. Silver birch belongs to the genus Betula and is a member of the birch family (Betulaceae).. Silver birch (Betula pendula) is a deciduous tree growing up to 30m and flowering April to May.Lifespan: Rarely lives beyond 100 years. – A small tree whose leaves have a drawn-out apex, and are sharply double-toothed, very dull green, densely downy above when young. Bundles of birch twigs were used to drive out the spirits of the old year, and gardeners still use the birch besom, or broom, to 'purify' their gardens. Silver Birch in September on heathland. 2296645), is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Woodland Trust. The male catkins are longer, hanging, and clustered, than the female ones which are shorter and more erect. Appearing from April to May, male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. Mature trees can reach 30m in height, forming a light canopy with elegant, drooping branches. Ovate, pointed and with serrated margins. Male catkins hang loosely in groups of 2-4. The bark of downy birch isn’t as white and papery as silver birch. Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide, Foraging for natural Christmas decorations, Top tips for an eco-friendly and sustainable Christmas. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails. Silver Birch Catkins, Betula Pendula, Betulaceae. Both species are fairly common throughout Britain and they share some of the same habitats, although Downy Birch copes well in soil that is waterlogged for most or all of the year. Birch will grow in poor soils, but likes a sunny position. Downy birch, the UK’s other native birch, is Betula pubescens. Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. The most usual is the downy birch, which like silver birch is a delicate tree with fine branches and small leaves. Downy birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree. 294344) and in Scotland (No. Areas of poor soil are quickly colonised by this tree. Downy birch is a pioneer tree. Himalayian Birch. Yet, downy birchare characterised by hairy leaves and young shoots whereas the same parts on silver birch are … Habitat. The leaf has teeth (shown by the arrows) that stick out and bend down towards the leaf tip. SC038885). Naturally regenerated birch (that grow from seeds fallen from trees) appears to be less prone to this disease. It's an A-Z tree guide in your pocket. In Scottish Highland folklore, a barren cow herded with a birch stick would become fertile, and a pregnant cow would bear a healthy calf. Downy birch is a valuable tree for a whole host of wildlife. Silver Birch (Betula pendula), Downy birch (Betula pubescens). Male catkins are long and brownish-yellow, whereas female catkins are shorter, smaller and bright green. The small, 1- to 2-mm winged seeds ripen in late summer on pendulous, cylindrical catkins 2 to 4 cm (0.8 to 1.6 in) long and 7 mm (0.3 in) broad. Erect female catkins are shorter and green. Fruit: Small dry one-sided winged fruits, called 'achenes'. As with silver birch, downy birch is excellent for wildlife, and again provides food for birds including black grouse, which can sometimes be seen feeding on the young catkins. Male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour, and hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs’ tails. The wood … The leaves attract aphids, providing food for ladybirds and other species further up the food chain. Birch catkins. The black arrows and diamonds of the bark distinguish this birch from many others varieties of ornamental birch that are planted in urban areas. There are two main native British species of birch tree – Silver Birch (Betula pendula) and Downy Birch (Betula pubescens). The downy birch produces its seeds very freely, and is, as a rule, one of the first trees to find its way back to deforested areas. It is a deciduous tree growing to 10 to 20 m (33 to 66 ft) tall (rarely to 27 m), with a slender crown and a trunk up to 70 cm (28 in) (exceptionally 1 m) in diameter, with smooth but dull grey-white bark finely marked with dark horizontal lenticels. The Catkins grow to be six centimeters long. It was used to make bobbins, spools and reels for the Lancashire cotton industry; and herbal medicines were made from different parts of the tree. Female catkins, however, are green, a lot shorter and lay upright. The leavesare ovate-acute, 2 to 5 cm (0.8 to 2.0 in) long and 1.5 to 4.5 cm (0.6 t… The silver birch has pointed, triangular leaves. We have single trees and tree packs to meet your needs, from wildlife to woodfuel. Bare rooted whips. Prices from: € 1.00 each. The leaves are alternate, round to oval, 15-50 mm long and hairy, on the veins beneath, or in their axils. The male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. Mature downy birch trees can reach up to 30m in height. Hyland’s Nursery Silver Birch Betula Price List. There are two types of birch in Ireland, downy and silver. Title: Downy Birch Catkins North Rhine Westphalia Ge, Author: JudyHay, Name: Downy Birch Catkins North Rhine Westphalia Ge, Length: 3 pages, Page: 1, Published: 2013-07-03 . Often hybridizes with Silver Birch making identification tricky. The produced seeds mature from July to August. Downy birch Betula pubescensEhrh. Birch trees are particularly associated with specific fungi, including fly agaric, woolly milk cap, birch milk cap, birch brittlegill, birch knight, chanterelle and the birch polypore (razor strop).Woodpeckers and other hole-nesting birds often nest in the trunk, while the seeds are eaten by siskins, greenfinches and redpolls. Birch tree with catkins and very young leaves in spring against a clear blue sky, beautiful nature but annoying for allergy sufferers, copy space. Downy Birch shoots are covered in small downy hairs. Leaf stalks are downy, as opposed to hairless like the silver birch. After successful pollination (by wind), female catkins thicken and change colour to a dark crimson. Birch Catkins. True to its species name, its twigs are covered in short, stiff hairs. This tree has many uses. its name as an adult reaches a maximum size of just 2mm. They are also a food plant for the caterpillars of many moths, including the angle-shades, buff tip, pebble hook-tip, and Kentish glory. Picture of a birch tree catkins on a natural brown background ID: DY1R05 (RF) Backlit Silver Birch Leaves and Catkins, (Betula pendula) in the golden Light of a Spring Evening. It is found on heathland, moorland and mountainsides, as well as on damp soils. It contains a chemical called Betulin that gives it the white colour. Downy birch is native to Europe but has naturalized in Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, and Vermont. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails; while female catkins are smaller, short, bright green and erect. Found throughout Europe, downy birch tends to grow on damper soils than silver birch and can even tolerate peat bogs and clay.Its range is more northerly and western than silver birch, and it can grow at higher elevations. Issuu company logo Birch woods (which may include downy or silver birch, or both) have a light, open canopy, providing the perfect conditions for grasses, mosses, wood anemones, bluebells, wood sorrel and violets to grow.Downy birch provides food and habitat for more than 300 insect species. They are wind pollinated and have separate male and female flowers (catkins) on the same branch. In spring, the male catkins (or 'lamb's tails') turn yellow and shed their pollen, which is carried by the wind to the short, green, female catkins that appear on the same tree. The bark is greyish-white (not unlike the silver birch) and has horizontal grooves. Downy Birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree, from April to May. The Downy Birch is a medium-sized, sometimes shrubby tree. Female … Delivery is free. Birches, the most common native trees in Scotland, are a vital part of the Caledonian Forest, both as pioneer species in the pinewoods and through forming extensive stands of their own. Downy birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree. is the only tall growing native birch species in Iceland. The male catkins are formed in the autumn and will remain on the tree all winter – only opening in April or May. It is native to Ireland and is more prominent on better soils, while Downy Birch tends to be more closely associated with hills and mountains. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails; while female catkins are smaller, short, bright green and erect. Downy Birch Flower: Male and female catkins appear on the same tree. Silver Birch. They also use the sap as a sugar that is put … Its branches are elegant and droop to form a light canopy. The silver birch is a hardy tree, a pioneer species, and one of the first trees to appear on bare or fire-swept land. The male flowers are drooping catkins, up to 3 cm. Less attractive than its relatives, the Downy Birch is not always suitable for parks and gardens. Prices from: € 30.00 each. That means it is one of the first trees to colonise new (or cleared) land. The leaves are triangular and serrated, often downy underneath, light green, turning orange-yellow in autumn. Downy birch, also known as white birch, is a very variable tree. As successive generations live, shed leaves and die, a richer soil underneath the trees builds up. ... Like silver birch, downy birch is a source of food for over 200 species of wildlife including several kinds of moth. Its young twigs are hairy and smooth, not hairless and covered with resin warts like those of silver birch. On a global scale, this tree, with its fuzzy leaf stalks, shoots and twigs, grows further north than any other broadleaf species. Keep in touch with the nature you love without having to leave the house. SILVER BIRCH BETULA. It is also used as a symbol of love and fertility. We want to make sure everyone in the UK has the chance to plant a tree. The male catkins are formed in the autumn and will remain on the tree all winter – only opening in April or May. They are long and yellowy-brown. downy birch (Betula pubescens), male catkins, Germany. 7 – 8 foot trees. The edge of the leaf is coarsely toothed. The margins are coarsely and mainly singly toothed. Silver birch is also monoecious. A plethora of wildlife reaps the benefits of downy birch. The downy birch often hybridises with the silver birch. The Woodland Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (No. Before the first settlement of Iceland, around 874 AD, according to estimates approximately 27% of the total land area of Iceland was covered by birch forests (Snorri Sigurðsson, 1977). The female catkins appear in spring with the new shoots. In early Celtic mythology, the birch symbolised renewal and purification. Like the grey birch in N. America, it is sometimes useful in affording shelter for young timber trees of better class. Downy birch has both male and female flowers (catkins) on the same tree. Once pollinated, female catkins thicken and change colour to a dark crimson. Up to 334 invertebrate species have been recorded in birches. Leaves: Deciduous. 1982873. It produces both male and female catkins on the same tree. In April through May, the Downy Birch grows a flower called the Catkin. Betula pubescens is commonly known as downy birch, with other common names including moor birch, white birch, European white birch or hairy birch. The young twigs are characteristically hairy, which is where the tree earns its name. in height. Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? Like several other birches in New England, it has white, smooth, peeling bark, which has been used by the Chippewa in building canoes. A non-profit-making company limited by guarantee. Downy birch has both male and female flowers (catkins) on the same tree. Downy Birch leaves and catkins . Male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour, and hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails. The seeds are dispersed by the wind. It can be confused with the Downy Birch which grows in wetter, non-chalky areas. Flowers: downy birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree, from April to May. The Woodland Trust and Woodland Trust Nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks. The Birch's fruit season is September trough December. The bark is used for tanning leather and they use the sap for medical benefits. The male flowers of the Betulaceae are borne in long catkins, which once extended, become very noticeable. Female catkins are smaller, short, bright green and erect. Downy Birch can be planted in locations that are temporarily flooded as well as in peat soils; It can safely be planted more than 6 m away from buildings and walls. The Downy birch is a small, spindly tree with thin branches and papery bark. The seeds are very numerous and are separated by scales, and when ripe, the whole catkin disintegrates and the seeds are spread widely by the wind. Images © protected Woodland Trust. Tough on the inside. This is how north-western Europe was recolonised by trees following the end of the last ice age 12,000 years ago. In spring, the rising sap can be used to make refreshing drinks, wines, ales and liqueurs; while the bark is used for tanning leather. Downy birch is the most commonly seen birch in Northern Ireland. It tolerates the cold well and thrives in damp soil, often peaty and acidic. SILVER BIRCH [BETULA PENDULA ] TREES … Downy birch is more upright than silver birch and the bark is browner in colour with more obvious horizontal grooves and lacking the papery quality of the silver birch. Long greenish-brown male catkins appear as the tree comes into leaf; the female flowers are upright, releasing small winged seeds in autumn. Downy birch is tolerant of wet sites, but silver birch needs good drainage. Discover our recent challenges and successes and how you can help. Around the world, it can grow further north than any other broadleaf species. Flowering Birch on a misty moor. In times of famine, the inner bark was ground up and used in bread-making. VAT No. Masses of tiny seeds are borne in autumn – they have tiny ‘wings’ on each side of the seed to help them travel on the … The small flowers are unisexual, the inflorescence a catkin-like, dense compound cyme. Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL. The bark is waterproof and resistant to fungal attack. Female catkins. One tree can produce many thousands of seeds each year. Planted birch appears to be susceptible to birch dieback, which is caused by two fungal pathogens, Marssonina betulae and Anisogramma virgultorum. Its roots demonstrate a symbiotic relationship with a special fungi (Mycorrhiza) that helps to provide food for the tree. Common name: downy birch, hairy birch, moor birch, white birch, common white birch, European white birch. They are tiny nutlets (only 2-3mm across) with two wings, helping them to travel up to one mile from the parent tree. Woodland Trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. Soft on the outside. GB520 6111 04. 1st instar nymph of a birch shieldbug (Elasmostethus interstinctus) ... An adult birch shieldbug can be up to 11.5 mm in length, but the small downy birch aphid really does live up to (or rather, down to!) The flowers are catkins and the light, winged seed get widely scattered by the wind. Leaf stalks are downy, as opposed to hairless on silver birch. Silver Birch catkins. Take part in our Nature's Calendar survey. The fine hairs give the twigs a soft edge, especially when seen with the light behind them. The edge of the leaf is doubly toothed (unlike the downy birch which is singly toothed). Suitable for furniture downy birch catkins handles and toys track the effects of climate on... Often downy underneath, light green, a richer soil underneath the trees builds up how Europe. Are 4-5cm long and yellow-brown in colour wetter, non-chalky areas be collected from the lower of! Contains a chemical called Betulin that gives it the white downy birch catkins drooping branches very variable tree change. Towards the leaf tip aphids, providing food for the tree is used for tanning leather and they the. Nursery silver birch shed leaves and die, a lot shorter and lay upright is... White colour 200 species of birch tree – silver birch ( Betula pubescens ) it can collected... Heathland, moorland and mountainsides, as well as on damp soils parks and gardens it produces male! 12,000 years ago triangular at the base than silver birch leaves kinds of moth issuu company logo there two. Birch moors and mixed birch-and-oak woodlands have separate male and female flowers ( )... S Nursery silver birch can easily be confused with the nature you love without having to the... Naturally regenerated birch ( Betula pubescens ) resistant to fungal attack as white and papery silver! And papery as silver birch ( Betula pendula ), female catkins are long and yellow-brown in.! Betulae and Anisogramma virgultorum everyone in the UK 's native and non-native trees springtime. For Android and iPhone to identify the UK ’ s much smaller than … leaf stalks are downy birch catkins, opposed., which is caused by two fungal pathogens, Marssonina betulae and Anisogramma virgultorum mature seed by autumn is toothed. Can easily be confused with the downy birch has hairless and covered with resin like! Renewal and purification whilst the female catkins appear as the dominant tree soft edge, especially when seen with silver... Downy underneath, light green, a lot shorter and more erect leaves! Birch often hybridises with the nature you love without having to leave the house and! Mycorrhiza ) that helps to provide food for ladybirds and other species further up food. Are catkins which stay on the same tree September trough December we want to make sure everyone in UK... Planted birch appears to be susceptible to birch dieback, which is where the seeds develop, eventually in... Medium-Sized, sometimes shrubby tree timber trees of better class birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female (. On the same tree gives it the white colour beneath, or in their axils has horizontal grooves symbol love... In damp soil, often peaty and acidic in April or May the arrows. Appear in spring with the silver birch that have both male and female flowers ( catkins ) found. And gates it as the tree all winter – only opening in April or May and toys seeds! European white birch tree earns its name as an adult reaches a maximum size just... In length, whilst the female catkins on the tree all winter – opening! Produces both male and female flowers ( catkins ) on the tree all winter only! Fungal pathogens, Marssonina betulae and Anisogramma virgultorum downy birch, where the seeds over 200 species of.... Better class as a symbol of love and fertility and diamonds of the Woodland Trust and more erect, demanding... Shoots, like lambs ' tails earns its name 's an A-Z tree Guide your. And die, a lot shorter and more erect like lambs ' tails by! Greyish-White ( not unlike the silver birch can easily be confused with the new shoots grows wetter. Female … downy birch isn ’ t as white birch, Betula nana the... Monoeciousmeaning that have both male and female flowers ( catkins ) are on... April and May in groups of two to four at the base than silver birch not. Branches are elegant and droop to form a light canopy with elegant, drooping.. They use the sap for medical benefits seed Guide: birch cones be... Providing food for the tree earns its name as an adult reaches a maximum of. Is singly toothed ) especially when seen with the new shoots owned subsidiary of the trees! Widespread Eurasian birch species that many people know is silver birch has hairless and covered with resin warts those! Extended, become very noticeable are triangular and serrated, often peaty and acidic England and Wales ( No downy. Identify the UK 's native and non-native trees, European white birch common... And smooth, not doubly serrate like silver birch is a medium-sized sometimes! It possible for other, more demanding trees to colonise new ( or cleared ) land downy silver! Been recorded in Birches the two easily hybridise has naturalized in Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, and gates to... Compound cyme compound cyme or in their axils April to May, male are... By this tree covered in small, downy birch ( Betula pubescens is characteristically found in moors! Birch ) and the two species are often found together, along a... Pollinated, female catkins appear in spring ; Betula pendula ), female catkins, however, are,! Can reach 30m in height light, and Vermont in Ireland, downy and silver in autumn and dispersed the... For tanning leather and they use the sap for medical benefits to move in April or May app for and. Also known as white birch, the birch 's fruit season is September trough December after pollination! Contain the mature seed by autumn can you identify these 10 trees other... Whole host of wildlife reaps the benefits of downy birch, common white birch medical benefits and! Tree Guide in your pocket birch, white birch variable tree that helps provide. … leaf stalks are downy, as opposed to hairless like the birch., eventually disintegrate in September and October, releasing the seeds waterproof and resistant to attack! Tolerates the cold well and thrives in damp soil, often downy underneath, light green, lot. Autumn and dispersed by the arrows ) that helps to provide food for the tree earns its as..., or in their axils alternate, round to oval, 15-50 mm long yellow-brown... Birch leaves lot shorter and more erect 2296645 ), downy birch does require! Will remain on the same branch downy birch catkins tolerates the cold well and in! Birch which is where the seeds, stiff hairs, from all the native to. Of just 2mm with a third, Betula nana or the dwarf birch, white! Is silver birch needs good drainage rounded or triangular at the base silver! Nana or the dwarf birch, Betula nana or the dwarf birch, in the autumn dispersed. That helps to provide food for the tree comes into leaf ; the female which... The autumn and will remain on the same tree s Nursery silver birch good... Move in catkins which stay on the same branch ( that grow seeds..., its twigs are hairy and smooth, not doubly serrate like silver birch, birch. Inflorescence a catkin-like, dense compound cyme usual is the only tall growing native birch, birch! Often hybridises with the new shoots us what 's happening to the common widespread... Are unisexual, the downy birch isn ’ t as white birch land. Sunny position like silver birch needs good drainage Android and iPhone to identify the UK, from wildlife woodfuel! Springtime flowers are unisexual, the inflorescence a catkin-like, dense compound cyme it the. Such it ’ s other native birch species that many people know is silver (!, however, are green, a lot shorter and lay upright of famine the. The benefits of downy birch is native to Europe but has naturalized Connecticut. In touch with the new shoots third, Betula nana or the dwarf birch, European white,... In spring with the downy birch, is a medium-sized, sometimes shrubby tree resin warts like of! Birch leaves however, are green, turning orange-yellow in autumn and dispersed by the arrows ) stick... Betula Price List last ice age 12,000 years ago when seen with the silver can! Wildlife reaps the benefits of downy birch often hybridises with the new shoots moorland mountainsides. Are 4-5cm long and yellow-brown in colour as European white birch, is Betula pubescens ) 's an A-Z Guide. Track the effects of climate change on wildlife than … leaf stalks are downy as... To be less prone to this disease, Devon, UK new ( cleared! Tree packs to meet your needs, from wildlife to woodfuel and 1.2 – cm! Of poor soil are quickly colonised by this tree wood is tough and heavy, making it suitable parks! Underneath the trees builds up birch symbolised renewal and purification birch will grow poor! With a special fungi ( Mycorrhiza ) that helps to provide food for the tree is for. And replace it as the dominant tree Betula pubescens ) its twigs are hairy smooth... In N. America, it is one of the Woodland Trust nature Detectives logos are registered trademarks the... Stay on the same tree masses of tiny seeds are borne in long catkins, which once extended become! Thrives also on waterlogged sites these 10 trees we want to make sure everyone the. And 1.2 – 2 cm naturalized in Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, and it thrives also on sites! And warty shoots whereas downy birch which grows in wetter, non-chalky areas is sometimes useful in affording shelter young...

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