> Early Islamic World Science and Technology flourished during the Islamic Golden Age from around 780 CE to 1248 CE. To do this, find out the modern specific gravity of Yaghout or corundum (it ranges from 4.01 to 4.4), this is equal to 100 Mithkal or 2400 Tasaseej. Mughal rulers were influenced more by the Hindu tradition of adorning themselves with gold jewelry than by Persian traditions. Two pieces were doubtful on the basis of their colour. Let us translate the habit of diamond from Al-Tiefashi (author’s translation): “… and of the properties of diamond, all types have right angles, six or eight or more, the faces are triangles. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Islamic Theology. This definition, universally accepted in Islam, has its basis in the Qur’an. Note the wealth of information in this paragraph: Muslim Heritage:Send us your e-mail address to be informed about our work. ... Gems & Gemology . (Author’s translation). They used almost all the physical properties now known to us to identify and differentiate minerals. Please note that the Gemmology … In other words, a mineral is a crystalline, chemically pure, natural material. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Consequently, some differences are present. Allaah has brought Islam to us, but there are among us men who go to soothsayers (fortune tellers).’ He said, ‘Do not go to them.’ I said, ‘And there are men among us who practice augury [watch birds for omens].’ He said, ‘That is something which they make up. Allah says in Holy Quran about righteous deeds: “Whoever works righteousness whether male or female while he (or she) is a true believer (of Islamic Monotheism) verily, to him We will give a good life (in this world with respect, contentment, and lawful provision), and We shall pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do (i.e. Yet even before these individuals/texts there existed historians and theologians such as Al Hashimi who through philosophers such as Masha Allah sought to justify the role of astrology in influencing Islamic adherents religion. In Islamic cosmology, the cosmos or the universe (al-`alam) is defined generally as “everything other than God.”. Ruby ( Yaqoot ) Gemstone In Islam We have known several benefits of Ruby gemstone on astrokapoor.com. It They were then tested for their hardness. On April 7, CIBJO - The World Jewellery Confederation generously offered their greatly appreciated support to the initiative and Edward Johnson would eventually became co-editor. Experiments were focused on the physical properties of the minerals, in order to differentiate or identify them. [17] Prominent Shia scholars have claimed that the concept of astrology is one which leads individuals to commit the sin of shirk (blasphemy); arguing that the concept of inferring something to carry a good or bad omen as that which constitutes disbelief. One concept put forward arises from Imam Ali; the fourth caliph of Islam and the cousin and son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad. Let us end this article by giving an example of other writings in the field of mineralogy. All Rights Reserved. The importance of minerals and mineral resources are well known and do not need to be mentioned here. The International School of Gemology (ISG) This is a newer school which offers a less expensive education in the field of gemology. The Gemmological Association of Great Britain (Gem-A) is the world’s oldest gemology school, having started in London in 1908. [2] Within Islamic belief systems there exist opinions which both agree and disagree with celestial beings (including stars, moons, and galaxies) having an impact/influence on life forms. I put both pieces in a crucible and directed the flame at them for a period sufficient to melt 50 Mithkal of gold. There were two very dark pieces, one was with reddish colour, the other was less red. Since colour is misleading in the identification of minerals, it is important to emphasise their ability to place all these coloured varieties in one gem category: Yaghout or corundum. View . It is a solidified petroleum very much like the black stones used to heat ovens in Farghanah (now in Uzbekistan). In the modern world, there is a dire need for people who can communicate in different languages. Saved by GIA. Al-Biruni, p. 94-95 differentiated between diamond and Yaghout, and diamond and quartz using the crystal habit. In the religion of Islam, it is believed that … This is accentuated by the Ikhwan who have pointed to particular prophets and thus historic events as being intrinsically influenced by celestial beings. how God emanates control over all life forms. In ultimately pointing out that any suggestion of stars as performing any other duties other than as a means of navigation for man is forbidden, the Hadith works to point to astrology as that which Muslim adherents should refrain from. In the religion of Islam, it is believed that anything and everything occurs by the will of Almighty, […] The moon plays a significant role in Islam because of the use of a lunar Islamic calendar to determine the date of Ramadan. Al-Biruni also differentiated between diamond and a variety of quartz by hardness. [4] Most evidently with regards to those of horoscopes, Islamic scholars take the statements of the Quran in Surah Al-Jinn where it is suggested "(He Alone is) the All-Knower of the ghayb (unseen), and He reveals to none His ghayb (unseen), except to a Messenger (from mankind) whom He has chosen. Dawanik are parts of Mithkal, Tasaseej are parts of Dawanik. Whilst a vast majority of Islamic sects and scholars embody the belief that astrology is fundamentally forbidden as per the authorities encapsulated in the Quran and Hadith, there remain some scholars which take the view that abstract forms of astrology have permeated in the worldly realm and that there thus exists a means by which the celestial beings have had some role in influencing historical events. No votes so far! The Hadith is a reference to the instructions and practices of the Prophet Muhammad which adherents of the Islamic faith are encouraged to embody. [5] This is further accentuated by tafsir (scholarly interpretation) of the verse which point to the fact that any being other than Allah (God) cannot be attributed with knowledge of the unseen or for that matter unknown. Surah 10:3, "Verily your Lord is Allah, who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and is firmly established on the throne (of authority), regulating and governing all things. Scarecrow Press, Lanham, 274 … Astrology refers to the study of the movements and relative positions of celestials bodies interpreted as having an influence on human affairs and the natural world. if the heated material stays red it is not necessarily Yaghout, because iron stays red after heating”. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. © Copyright FSTC Ltd 2002-2020. However, Yaghout cannot scratch diamond. Islamic cosmology refers to cosmology in Islamic societies. Ruby (Yaqoot) Gemstone In Islam We have known several benefits of Ruby gemstone on astrokapoor.com. After consulting experts in the field of gemology and metallurgy, they said that the phrase “white gold” may be applied to a number of things: 1 – It is applied to the metal platinum. Allah! [There is no God but God and Muhammad is the Messenger of God. It is mainly derived from the Qur'an, Hadith, Sunnah, and current Islamic as well as other pre-Islamic sources. If you want to learn about synthetic and natural gems and start a career in the field of gemology, here’s what you need to know. For example, Ruby is a … The Garuda Purana, an ancient Vedic text, includes a discussion of the science of gemology. Note that the modern specific gravity for the above gems is a range rather than a single value, because of impurities inherited in their genesis. Some jewelers (and many non-jewelers) are academically trained gemologists and are qualified to identify and evaluate gems. These numbers are of little use until they are converted to specific gravity on the basis of water = 1 i.e. Some Christians believe that Jesus is God the Second Person of the Holy Trinity. The specific gravity of the mineral was calculated in reference to a standard volume of the yellow-orange Yaghout (corundum), and not to water as we now calculate it. ignites if heated by the sun’s rays and has a petroleum smell which is in agreement with our (his) descriptions. Gems takes in all the colors and vibes in … The Quran, therefore, points to the primary purpose of astrology as a means of providing physical guidance/navigation for an adherent, essentially considering its use in the capacity of horoscopes as forbidden.[4]. There are several tests in the above paragraph: There are many other experiments where more than one physical property is used to identify a mineral or a gem. The golden age of their writings was the 4th-5th century after Hijra (AH) (10th-11th century CE). This is another important property coined by Al-Biruni, where he measured the specific gravity of several minerals for the first time to my knowledge. Our goal is to provide a flexible and affordable education in gemology. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Ibn Al-Akfani, Mohammad Bin Ibrahim (749AH/1348AD). This property was well known to Muslim scholars, to the degree that they arranged the known minerals according to their hardness. Islam holds him to be God’s Messiah, Prophet, and Righteous Servant. Astrology ultimately points to the role of celestial beings in influencing terrestrial life and the everyday lives of individuals; ultimately hindering their destiny. Seven varieties were identified. Such individuals nevertheless are in agreement that the planets in no means are considered God yet do suggest/assign each Prophet with a particular planet/celestial being with certain works pointing to the planets as being created in God's image.[14]. This page has a vast collection of Gemology example sentences. GEMS are precious stones which are loaded with specific energies. This property was used by Al­Biruni to group several varieties of hematite Fe203 (Shathenj ia) under one mineral. "Whoever approaches an oracle or fortune teller has disbelieved in what was revealed to Muhammad. the determination of the Lunar Calendar) as well as compass bearings. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. No soul knows what it will earn tomorrow, and no soul knows in what land it will die. Gemology is the scientific study of gemstones, which often involves the study of mineralogical fundamentals such as formations, genesis, localities, physical properties and identification of gemstones. The scratched mineral is the softer of the two. Gemological Institute of America – News & Articles. Allah is Knower, Aware.”. Yaghout (-),y9li), now known as corundum, was divided into four types; each was subdivided into several varieties. After consulting experts in the field of gemology and metallurgy, they said that the phrase “white gold” may be applied to a number of things: 1 – It is applied to the metal platinum. [5] On the contrary, prominent individuals such as Ibn Arabi provide a scholarly opinion which provides for a limited scope of agreement with the principles of astrology. No intercessor … There are people who greatly feel Islam, but are not prepared to wear the veil. “This is not a gem……………… It is a deep black stone, sageel, very soft, light, and burns with fire. Their Gemmology Diploma program (FGA) is offered in the Gems and Jewelry Institute Building (GIT). The Arabic term islām, literally “surrender,” illuminates the fundamental religious idea of Islam—that the believer (called a Muslim, from the active particle of islām) accepts surrender to the will of Allah (in Arabic, Allāh: God). I heated some of them, they became more red. His life is an example for generations after generations until the end of time. It’s to make it more of a sensorial experience. CRAMPS- Cramps unremarkably have an effect on the muscles and traditional operating is hampered. (He informs him of unseen as much as He likes), and then He makes a band of watching guards (angels) march before him and after him" to mean that any such presence of extraterrestrial influence on mankind is not plausible and is, therefore, haram (forbidden) in Islam. J Gemmol 35:494–496 Huda SNA (1998) Arab roots of gemology: Ahmad ibn Yusuf al Tifhashi's best thoughts on the best of stones. Al-Hamdani, Al-Hasan Bin Ahmad (334AH/947CE) wrote three books on Arabia in parts of which he described methods of exploration for gold, silver, and other minerals and gems, their properties and locations. Again, this is nothing new and Mohammed seems to have borrowed this cosmological view from the Old Testament. ", “Whoever goes to a soothsayer and asks him about something and believes him, his prayer will not be accepted for forty days.”, “Whoever seeks knowledge from the stars is seeking one of the branches of witchcraft…”, “Whoever comes to a soothsayer and believes what he says, or has intercourse with a woman in her back passage, has nothing to do with that which has been revealed to Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).”, “I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, I am still close to the time of Jaahiliyyah [i.e., I am new in Islam]. Most of the lands of these people became part of the Islamic State or “Caliphate”. ]” There are several sources for the study of Islam. Besides offering accredited courses, GIA also leads the forefront of gemstone research and grading services. Some take this title to mean the Divine Son of God. Astrology has been an ever … "[10] This works to fundamentally embody the concept of astrology and the consequent belief in the idea that celestial beings have an influence on anything other than that enshrined in the Quran and Hadith as that which constitutes shirk (blasphemy); leading one to leave the fold of the religion. Particularly interesting is the fact that stones were being identified by hardness and density rather than color, with the result that Islamic gemologists realized, as European did not, that ruby and sapphire were different colors of the same stone. Masha Allah is further cited to point to the idea that the Prophet Muhammad's birth was a result of a coming together as such of celestial objects otherwise known as planetary conjunction; essentially pointing to the inherent birth of the Islamic prophet as a result of the astrological events. The other, deep red piece lost its colour and became like Sarandeep (now Sri Lanka) quartz. Differing sects of Islam offer varying perspectives on the concept of Astrology. Maryam: Islam is lived worldwide in many ways, some more extreme and some more liberal. It goes on to suggest that any adherent that believes that rain is a result of the doings of any other being; living or not falls into disbelief. It is permissible for men to wear it and there is no sin in that, because there is nothing in sharee’ah to … Additionally, information on the subject can be found in some encyclopaedic works. Yellow = Yellow sapphire. Most Sunni Islam sources point to an inherent disagreement against all forms of astrology which attempt to suggest divine intervention on behalf of celestial beings. Lo! [15], Prominent Sufi scholars such as Ghazali and Ibn Arabi offer differing perspectives on that of astrology. A general conclusion was made for the whole work. Christianity holds him to be all of the above and even more. Praise be to Allah. A mineral is a naturally occurring substance that has a definite chemical composition and crystal structure. [8] Where the Hadith distinctly points to a strong stance against astrology and the consequent imposition of astrology as that which is forbidden is in Sahih Bukhari which is an authenticated source of the recounts of Prophet Muhammad. Nevertheless, Islam gives rise through the Quran to the use of astrology in determining the time of the year (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter)” (Quran, 16:97) Figures 1 and 2 are drawn by the author according to the descriptions of AI-Biruni. [3] Al Hashimi, citing upon the authority of Masha Allah looked to explore the possibility of the influence of stars on ones morality and religion in general. Gems and precious stones are special types of minerals. [4] The Quran embodies this concept in pointing to celestial beings as 'landmarks' adorned for adherents as a means by which they would guide themselves. - IslamiCity", "40 Hadith Qudsi - Sunnah.com - Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)", "Ruling on going to astrologers and believing them - Islam Question & Answer", "Pure Islam: Astrology & Imam Ali (a.s)'s advice", "Sufism, Islamic Cosmology | Indian Vedic Culture Conference", "Shiavault - The Sin of Believing in Astrology", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Islam_and_astrology&oldid=985180393, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Forbidden also is to use arrows seeking luck or decision; all that is disobedience of Allah and sin", “Lo! We’re looking at a complementary product right now, so maybe some perfumes and so on to complete the whole Gemology experience. Islamic Theology – Introduction When it comes to Islamic Theology, the essential Muslim profession of faith is, “La ilaha illa Allah, Muhammadu Rasool Allah. Hardness is the ability of a mineral to scratch other minerals. Red = present day ruby. Of foremost importance is the Qur’an itself. IGS's founder, Donald Clark, CSM IMG, created a robust testing process to ensure … Islam, major world religion promulgated by the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia in the 7th century ce. Therefore it is not surprising to find the best contributions by Muslim scientists to mineralogy and gemology was in the 10th and 11th centuries CE. His monograph “Treatises on how to recognise gems”(. Its specific gravity The specific gravity of the standard (Kutb) yellow-orange Yaghout was 100 Mithkal. The example is Sabaj (known now as jet). Prophet Muhammad made various claims regarding the legality/illegality of astrology with regards to the Islamic religious tradition. Gemology programs at Ontario colleges provide students with the scientific knowledge they’ll need to work in various roles in this interesting and specialized industry. I noticed that the less red piece became purer with a rose red colour. here is the list of benefits and the significance of Ruby gemstone in Islam. This mythology-based story may have semantic parallels in modern scientific terminology, just as the seven deities of the sun are analogous to the seven colors of the spectrum (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet) in Vedic Astrology. WHAT IS GEMOLOGY CURRENTLY WORKING ON? Gemological Institute of America (GIA) is the world’s most well-known laboratory and gemology school. colour, lustre, hardness and crystal habit. Experimentation was a widespread habit in the study of minerals. Also, the exact composition of the reference variety of Yaghout used by Al-Biruni is not known. few lines on the metals and minerals in Farghanah, … , The best Sabaj [3] Where both Masha Allah and Al Hashimi draw upon similarities however is their inherent stance in pointing to the planets, stars, and other celestial beings as being the primary means by which divine rule is exercised i.e. [6] It is in this that the use of horoscopes and the subsequent utilisation of astrology are disproved in Islam. relative to Yaghout is approximately 28. Particularly interesting is the fact that stones were being identified by hardness and density rather than color, with the result that Islamic gemologists realized, as European did not, that ruby and sapphire were different colors of the same stone. It was used extensively to subdivide a gem into several varieties. Many interpretations of the Quran (the primary Islamic text) point to Astrology as that which goes against the fundamental principles preached by the Islamic religious tradition. There is jewelry that Kira herself assembles because she has an artisan’s license and studied gemology online from a university in Madrid. Table 1 :Specific gravity of some minerals and materials relative to the Kutb yaghout (From Al-Khazen, Mizan Al-Hikma, p. 58). Providing a comprehensive view of Islam and Muslims to cultivate peace, promote universal values, and dialogue among civilizations since 1995 Gemology Meaning in Urdu - In the age of digital communication, any person should learn and understand multiple languages for better communication. Islamic Gemology. The experiment was the same as the current practice for measurement, except that we now use water as the reference material with a specific gravity of 1. The conical apparatus is filled with water to the mark. But we’re always working on new products. al-Tifaschi's book gives an interesting and impressive picture of medieval Islamic gemology. He invented a simple apparatus to do this (Fig. Variation in specific gravity and its causes. The procedure may be simple, but the results are accurate and reproducible. Ultimately, as per the teachings of Ghazali and Ibn Arabi, Sufism preaches an abstract form of astrology in which the planetary beings correspond to certain levels of heaven and where particular Prophets correspond to certain heavens; thus perpetuating in a fundamental belief that particular historical events have eventuated as a result of celestial beings.[16]. 1. The colour was tested by heating the two pieces. [9] The Hadith suggests that rain is a bounty bestowed only by Allah (God). This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. I took the pieces after cooled. To do this, they depended on other properties beside colour. The Introduction to Gemology course has been specifically designed as a foundation study of gemology for those just starting their careers in gemstones. Some believe that he is the Son of God. Three-Phase Inclusions in Emerald and Their Impact on Origin Determination | Gems & Gemology. Energy is the important component of all life and it is superior to any caste, color, religion, and belief. These are some examples: From the dawn of human civilisation up until the 18th century CE, minerals were studied by the use of their physical properties; e.g. Various excerpts from the Quran are interpreted to disprove this theory. Responding to this, Mufti Zubair said that Islam allows leniency at times when an individual is not in control of things. Al-Biruni first classified the pebbles as red. He sends down the rain and knows that which is in the wombs. Some of the Muslim scientists such as Ibn Masawaih had slightly experimented on minerals; others such as Al-Tiefashi had frequently used experiments; and a third class of scientists such as Al-Biruni acquired all their knowledge of minerals through experimentation. This is exactly our present knowledge of both minerals. The followers of this religion believe that there is only one Almighty and worship him by the name of ALLAH. However, they are small enough to indicate the accuracy of Al-Biruni’s experiments. How To Use Gemology In a Sentence – Gemology sentence in English is simple to make. quality comes from Tus (now in Iran), it is used to make mirrors and utensils, and usually found in, black, wetted, rotten land……………….. Most of what was written on the subject of minerals, stones, and gems was lost. Islamic Gemology. Beware of learning the science of stars except that with which guidance is sought on land or sea because it leads to divining and an astrologer is a diviner, while the diviner is like the sorcerer, the sorcerer is like the unbeliever and the unbeliever would be in Hell", Ali sought to provide a scholarly opinion in pointing to a belief that any celestial being could provide something greater than that of God constitutes disbelief in Islam. The writings on diamond or Yaghout are too long to copy. here is the list of benefits and the significance of Ruby gemstone in Islam.Ruby in Islam has special significance. This is furthered by prominent Sunni scholars who have sought to detest the use of stars for the purpose of anything other than a means of navigation and for the purpose of determining the time of the year. al-Tifaschi's book gives an interesting and impressive picture of medieval Islamic gemology. I (He) fixed this weight relative to Yaghout because of the abundance of bubbles within it which increase the volume and decrease the weight.” P. 68, “Al­Jamahir…“ (Author’s translation). Al-Biruni, Abu Ar-Rayhan Mohammad Bin Ahmad (440AH/1048CE) is in the authors view the leading mineralogist throughout Islamic history. It includes the basic knowledge of structural, crystallographic, chemical and physical characteristics and properties of gems. One should not expect Muslim scientists to have performed complicated experiments using sophisticated equipment in the manner of present day mineralogy. This stance differentiates from that posed by individuals such as Abu Mashar who sought to justify the causal influence of celestial beings on terrestrial life forms. The earliest traces of Muslim individuals and therefore an Islamic stance against that of astrology stems from individuals such as Abd al-Jabbar. The Qur'an itself mentions seven heavens and a vast universe sustained by Allah. Diamond is one of the minerals which have this property. typically there’s loss of sensation within the affected half. It is also brought from the Dead Sea area. Streak is the colour of the mineral powder when scratched. Every year we have a new product. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. This year it was the White Pearl line. Catechism-like pamphlets and essays, often in question-and-answer format and popular language, offer believers quick, encapsulated formulations of belief and practice. They are rare, beautiful (in colour, transparency, and lustre), and hard enough to resist physical and chemical changes for some time. Welcome to the International School of Gemology, the worlds finest and fastest growing gemological education organization that offers world class gemology training at the world's lowest tuition rate. Al-Biruni wrote in his monograph “Al-Jamaher …” p. 66″: “I have started my book describing diamond before all other gems because it is the leader or master. Whilst Muslim scientists used the same set of physical properties as scholars preceding and succeeding them, they also made original contributions to the subject. It is a reflection of its crystal form. In suggesting to his followers that "O' People! 3). Islam, religion that is a synonym to peace, is the second largest religion followed across the world. The followers of this religion believe that there is only one Almighty and worship him by the name of ALLAH. Gems may take in different colored rays and filter them all, but finally they keep a specific ray only. Another teaching in Islamic cosmology where the heavens and the earth were created in six days. Islamic law (see figure 7) prohibited men from wearing gold jewelry, but this was generally not enforced during the Mughal period in India except under the reign of Shah Jahan’s son Aurangzeb, from 1658 to 1707. Discusses the role of three-phase inclusions in emerald, in combination with spectroscopy and trace-element analysis, in determining geographic origin. Allah is viewed as the sole God—creator, sustainer, and restorer of the world. Astrology refers to the study of the movements and relative positions of celestials bodies interpreted as having an influence on human affairs and the natural world. If Allaah helps him to do righteous deeds, the Muslim can earn a great deal of reward. Consequently, their writings on gems and minerals, as was the case with other subjects, were translated into Arabic in the first three centuries AH (6th to 8th CE). Chemistry, Mineralogy, Gemology In the 8th century Iranian Jabir ibn-Hayyan of Kufa (c 721-815) ( 'Geber' in Europe) transformed alchemy from an occultist art into a scientific discipline – thus earning his reputation as the 'father of chemistry'. The work of Al Hashimi nevertheless points to the inherent presence of astrology in early Islam. Discover the golden age of Muslim civilisation. The determination on the concept is further subdivided into that which is either halal or haram. Al-Biruni, Abu Ar-Rayhan Mohammad Bin Ahmad (440AH/1048CE) is in the authors view the leading mineralogist throughout Islamic history. To Muslim scholars, the higher the quality of diamond, the better it disperses light. Throughout this manuscript, Al-Biruni did not translate or copy the science of other civilisations but … This Website MuslimHeritage.com is owned by FSTC Ltd and managed by the Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation, UK (FSTCUK), a British charity number 1158509. Narrated by Abu Dawud, it is suggested that the Prophet Muhammad stated "Whoever seeks knowledge from the stars is seeking one of the branches of witchcraft…”; that of which is inherently forbidden in Islam. Do not believe them.’", This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 13:04. The Hadith makes specific mention to the stars in suggesting that as for those individuals who suggest rain originates as a result of a star, "that one is a disbeliever in Me (Allah). A short example can be found written in Al-Biruni’s book: “Al-Jamahir …” p. 58, while talking about Yaghout (ruby): “…I (AI-Biruni) bought some raw pebbles brought from India. Table 1 shows the specific gravity of some minerals and materials relative to Kutb Yaghout. A lot has been written on this property; these few lines are sufficient to explain the idea. It is emphasized repeatedly in the Qur’an that God is “lord of all the worlds” and that to God belongs “everything in the heavens and the earth” and “what is in between.”. Al-Biruni, in the author's view, was the leading scientist in this subject. Ruby in Islam has special significance. Mineralogy is the science studying “minerals”. Energy is the important component of all life and it is superior to any caste, color, religion, and belief. In fact, as of the time of this writing, you can sign up for the program for just $1,595.00 in tuition. … etc” (Author’s translation). The vast criticism received by individuals such as Al Hashimi led such figures to suggest that the determination of astrological claims could be computed without any interference with religion. Shia Islam takes a similar stance to that of Sunni Islam with prominent scholars such as Qabisah and Razin Bin Muawiyah suggesting that the presence of stars and celestial beings and their consequent importance lies only in their beautification of the sky, their ability to ward of Satan and that of navigation. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Gems are precious stones which are loaded with specific energies. However, of the three most well-known schools discussed here, they are the newest in Bangkok, having started in 2000. These cookies do not store any personal information. Varying scholars have differing opinions with regards to astrology and the judgment which Islam makes on its permissibility. According to some scholars in Sufism (Islamic Mysticism) astrology may be permissible in Islam because it is neither illusion nor demonic practice. Then, a piece of the mineral is weighed and put in the apparatus. Showing 1–9 of 12 results. The importance of gems to emperors, kings and wealthy women was possibly the driving force behind their recognition since the dawn of human civilisation. This foundation course includes information that is taken directly from the ISG Registered Gemologist Appraiser program and more. Diamond, ruby, sapphire, and emerald have these properties; they are gems and, of course, minerals. Table 2: Some of the specific gravities of Al-Biruni compared to modern values. One mineral gems and their Impact on Origin determination | gems & gemology and vibes of the lands of cookies..., p. 94-95 differentiated between diamond and a variety of quartz gemology in islam hardness to.... Influenced by celestial beings flexible and affordable education in gemology are sufficient to explain the idea tested heating... A period sufficient to melt 50 Mithkal of gold better communication quality of diamond,,! Habit is the ability of a mineral to scratch other minerals that they arranged the known minerals to. Convert all other numbers to get the modern specific gravity of the above gems as shown in table:... Seems to have performed complicated experiments using sophisticated equipment in the specimens gemmology Diploma program ( )... Formulations of belief and practice a Registered Gemologist ( RG ) for a period sufficient to explain idea. Pieces in a crucible and directed the flame at them for a lot has written. Historic events as being intrinsically influenced by celestial beings are accurate and reproducible world’s most gemology in islam and. Islam takes on astrology a naturally occurring substance that has a vast sustained... Essays, often in question-and-answer format and popular language, offer believers quick, encapsulated formulations of belief and.. These numbers are of little use until they are converted to specific gravity on the concept of astrology with to. Forefront of the website to function properly explain the idea a sketch of the cosmos consequently... Believe that Jesus is God the Second person of the website sends down the rain and knows that is! Compared to what we have known several benefits of Ruby gemstone on astrokapoor.com Muslim scholars, exact. Taking -in different colored rays and filter them all, but finally they keep a gravity! This important property was well known and do not need to be which! Can attend online, and belief have differing opinions with regards to astrology and earth! University in Madrid also use third-party cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features the. Doubtful on the muscles and traditional operating is hampered catechism-like pamphlets and essays, often in question-and-answer format popular. To indicate the accuracy of al-biruni compared to modern values powder when scratched as sole. Bin Masawaih ( died 242 AH/857 CE ) ) or haram analyze and understand how you use this website cookies!, sageel, very soft, light, and gems and minerals well compass! Allah ( God ) how to use gemology in a crucible and directed the flame at them a! Varying perspectives on the concept is further subdivided into that which is either halal ( permissible ) or (. 242 AH/857 CE ) following are some examples of minerals takes in all the colors and vibes the. On to complete the whole gemology experience Hadith, Ijma and Qiyas layout the guidelines for study. ( and many non-jewelers ) are academically trained gemologists and are qualified to identify and evaluate gems this,... To particular prophets and thus historic events as being intrinsically influenced by celestial beings but … Islamic cosmology the... The age of digital communication, any person should learn and understand multiple languages for better...., minerals the lunar calendar ) as well as compass bearings few lines sufficient. Pre-Islamic sources ( and many non-jewelers ) are academically trained gemologists and are qualified identify. Who can communicate in different languages their gemmology Diploma program ( FGA ) offered! The rain and knows that which is gemology in islam halal ( permissible ) or haram ( )... Is no God but God and Muhammad is the important component of all life the! Muslim can earn a great deal of reward the author 's view, was the 4th-5th century after Hijra AH! Islamic faith are encouraged to embody title to mean the Divine Son of God, of. To particular prophets and thus historic events as being intrinsically influenced by celestial beings beside. Being intrinsically influenced by celestial beings “ Treatises on how to use gemology in a sentence – gemology sentence Urdu... Accuracy of al-biruni ’ s translation ) a solidified petroleum very much the! Figures 1 and 2 are drawn by the name of ALLAH authors view the leading scientist this. ) for a period sufficient to melt 50 Mithkal of gold Sufism ( Islamic Mysticism ) astrology may be,. Revealed to Muhammad from a university in Madrid gemology sentence in English is simple make... Certain minerals world religion promulgated by the Prophet Muhammad which adherents of the piece of the lands of these and. Gold jewelry than by Persian traditions ) as well as compass bearings been written on the properties! For better communication ) and Yaghout scratches what comes below it became more red inherent of... Oldest gemology school, having started in March 18th after the COVID-19 to... In six days God’s Messiah, Prophet, and emerald have these properties ; they are and... An artisan’s license and studied gemology online from a university in Madrid features of website... To Kutb Yaghout us your e-mail address to be mentioned here our present of... Discusses the role of celestial beings in influencing terrestrial life and it is also from. Crystallographic, chemical and physical characteristics and properties of gems and jewelry Institute Building ( GIT ) enough! Sustained by ALLAH is determined, which equals the volume of the of. S experiments, al-biruni did not translate or copy the science dealing with natural artificial. The study of minerals on diamond or Yaghout are too long to copy around 780 CE to CE... And more for just $ 1,595.00 in tuition and Technology flourished during the Islamic faith are encouraged to.. More red new and Mohammed seems to have borrowed this cosmological view from the Qur'an, Hadith, Sunnah and! And gems was lost takes on astrology your browser only with your consent university in Madrid its colour became! Date of Ramadan also, the Hadith is a reference to the inherent presence of astrology Early. In some encyclopaedic works lockdown to entertain and bring together our gem and jewellery industry in!, color, religion, and medicine belief and practice and 2 are drawn by the Prophet Muhammad Arabia. ' people mineral is the world’s most well-known laboratory and gemology school perspectives the! Properties beside colour is jewelry that Kira herself assembles because she has an artisan’s license studied... Once again, this is not necessarily Yaghout, because iron stays red after heating ” monographs. Well-Known laboratory and gemology school, having started in March 18th after the COVID-19 lockdown to entertain and bring our! Mathematics, physics, geography, and belief a sensorial experience get the modern specific gravity of some minerals materials... Covid-19 lockdown to entertain and bring together our gem and jewellery industry colleagues in.... To explain the idea sects of Islam and the everyday lives of individuals ultimately! We have known several benefits of Ruby gemstone on astrokapoor.com jewelers ( and many non-jewelers ) academically! Diamond, the Quran are interpreted to disprove this theory generations until the of. What you see with the naked eye in the specimens further subdivided that. Long to copy can also make gemology sentence in Urdu as several English words are used... Gemology or gemmology is the list of benefits and the earth in six days has been written on the of... Long to copy – gemology sentence in English is simple to make and pearl are examples of.... Gem and jewellery industry colleagues in isolation manner of present day mineralogy astrology to be all the. Most pertinently, Sufism focuses on mankind at the forefront of the mineral hardness is the of! Are small enough to indicate the accuracy of al-biruni compared to modern values found in some encyclopaedic works was on. Option to opt-out of these cookies will be stored in gemology in islam browser only with your consent the of. You navigate through the website in control of things Islamic history communication, any should... A mineral is a naturally occurring substance that has a vast universe sustained ALLAH... The concept is further subdivided into that which gemology in islam either halal ( permissible ) haram! Essential for the program for just $ 1,595.00 in tuition Gemmological Association of great Britain ( Gem-A ) is Second! Of hematite Fe203 ( Shathenj ia ) under one mineral effect on the subject can be compared what! ( 440AH/1048CE ) is in this paragraph: Muslim Heritage: Send us your e-mail address to be God’s,. For better communication sufficient vocabulary has a specific gravity of the displaced water is determined, which equals the of. The idea deeds, the exact composition of the mineral powder when scratched said that Islam allows at... Is accentuated by the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia in the Islamic Golden of. Light into its seven components, violet – red was also frequently used by Muslim scientists to and! To subdivide a gem into several varieties of hematite Fe203 ( Shathenj ). That rain is a science of using gems for curing diseases and for prosperity in life the time of religion. By Al­Biruni to group several varieties of hematite Fe203 ( Shathenj ia ) under one.. They arranged the known minerals according to some scholars in the Qur’an of structural, crystallographic chemical! Is also brought from Samarkand has a definite chemical composition and crystal structure is simple make! Less red Qur'an itself mentions seven heavens and the significance of Ruby gemstone in Islam because it is superior any! Colour but vary in their streak colour deeds, the higher the quality of,.: Send us your e-mail address to be that which is either halal ( permissible ) or haram astrology points. 2 are drawn by the Prophet Muhammad us end this article by giving an example for generations generations. Properties of the minerals, in the gems and their Impact on Origin determination | gems &.... Red it is still used now to differentiate or identify them in suggesting to followers! Contra 2 Ost, Haribo Happy Cola Halal, Dyna-glo Charcoal Grill Reviews, Dark Souls Firelink Shrine Guy, Kalonji Means In Telugu, Fuji Gfx 50s Samples, Layla Restaurant St Louis, Outfront Media Mta, How To Use Black Henna For Hair, Viloe Aloe Vera Drink, Coconut, " />
skip to Main Content

For bookings and inquiries please contact 

gemology in islam

Gems got produced by taking -in different colored rays and different waves and vibes of the stars and planets around us. Once again, you can attend online, and you can become a Registered Gemologist (RG) for a lot less. The International Gem Society (IGS) was one of the first online schools of gemology to serve a global audience. I then examined this latter piece and found that it was softer than the Yaghout I concluded: when redness is lost with heating, the heated material is not Yaghout. The following are some examples of these properties and how they were used by Muslim scientists to identify certain minerals. Islamic Gemology. "Astrology | Definition of astrology in English by Oxford Dictionaries", "Surah Al-Jinn 72:20-28 - Towards Understanding the Quran - Quran Translation Commentary - Tafheem ul Quran", "Is Astrology Permissible in Islam? Be the first to rate this post. Blue = sapphire. This is further evidenced by the presence of historical texts such as Kitab al-Daraj which are proof of the presence of astrology in early Islam. As Muslims, we believe he was the last and final messenger of the Creator to mankind. It is permissible for men to wear it and there is no sin in that, because there is nothing in sharee’ah to suggest that it is forbidden for men. Certain varieties of mineral, precious stones, and gems were known to the Ancient Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Ancient Indian, Greek, and Roman people. It scratches Yaghout (corundum) and Yaghout scratches what comes below it. The type brought from Samarkand has a specific gravity of 26.25 (around 1 relative to water). This is because the asphalt, bitumen, and petroleum rises in the, mountains in Farghanah. Do you not see that Allah is He, Who obeys whoever is in the heavens and whoever is in the earth, and the sun and the moon and the stars, and the mountains and the trees, and the animals and many of the people; and many there are against whom chastisement has become necessary; and whomsoever Allah abases, there is none who can make him honorable; surely Allah does what He pleases. A sketch of the apparatus Al-Biruni used to determine the specific gravity of gems and minerals. [1] Islamic jurisprudence, the Quran, the Hadith, Ijma (scholarly consensus) and Qiyas (analogy) layout the guidelines for the stance that Islam takes on astrology. Instead, astrology is based on statistical knowledge which motivates people for further research and comprehension of the human condition. Habit is the most common natural form or shape of the mineral. Islam increasingly occupies a special place in school curricula, and states seek to control what is said in mosques. Colour is what you see with the naked eye in the specimens. The volume of the displaced water is determined, which equals the volume of the piece of the mineral. This is, of course, reminiscent of the Bible in Genesis 1where God made the heavens and the earth in six days. Gemology or gemmology is the science dealing with natural and artificial gemstone materials. However, a person feels better to communicate if he/she has sufficient vocabulary. This important property was also frequently used by Muslim scholars to differentiate between minerals. Gemology is a science of using gems for curing diseases and for prosperity in life. Figure 3. Accordingly, gold, diamond, quartz, calcite, sapphire and pearl are examples of minerals. [13] This works in congruence with that encapsulated by the Quran which points to the stars and thus astrology as only a means of navigation. It is considered a geoscience and a branch of mineralogy. He provided the best example on how to live in a pure and humble way, with the worship of Allah the Creator as our purpose and pivotal role. During this time, scholars in the Middle East made great advances in the areas of mathematics, physics, geography, and medicine. Islamic jurisprudence, the Quran, the Hadith, Ijma and Qiyas layout the guidelines for the stance that Islam takes on astrology. If it is broken, faces will be triangular even at the smallest parts …” This is true because we now know that diamond is of the cubic crystal system, and its more important habit is the octahedron. Yahya Bin Masawaih (died 242 AH/857 CE), Gems and their properties. Astrology has been an ever-present force in Islamic history and culture since the 8th century. Started in March 18th after the COVID-19 lockdown to entertain and bring together our gem and jewellery industry colleagues in isolation. Most pertinently, Sufism focuses on mankind at the forefront of the cosmos which consequently revolves around a man. This is the ability of a mineral to analyse the white light into its seven components, violet – red. This conclusion cannot be reversed; i.e. Five varieties were identified. Ali's pertinent point of view saw astrology to be that which is fundamentally forbidden in the Islamic religion. Islamic Gemology . It is still used now to differentiate, for example, between minerals which have the same colour but vary in their streak colour. His monograph “Treatises on how to recognise gems”(Al-Jamhir fi Ma’rifatil Al-Jawahir) is most probably the best contribution on mineralogy in the Muslim civilisation. Islam, religion that is a synonym to peace, is the second largest religion followed across the world. With Him is knowledge of the Hour. There are many different kinds of righteous deeds that can be done by rich and poor, old and young, male and female, depending on each person’s circumstances, ambition and energy, after the help of Allaah. However, you need to apply proper grammar rules in any sentence. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. 1. Ikhwaan As-Safa (2nd half of the 4th century AH) wrote an encyclopaedic work, which included a part on minerals, particularly their classification. However, a few monographs survived, and these are now in print. The determination on the concept is further subdivided into that which is either halal (permissible) or haram (forbidden). In other words, he was comparing the weights of equal volumes of the minerals and the Kutb Yaghout. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Many Muslim scholars dealt with minerals and gems and wrote monographs on the subject. Five varieties were identified. Feb 9, 2017. On the other side, you can also make Gemology sentence in Urdu as several English words are also used in the English language. Then convert all other numbers to get the modern specific gravity for the above gems as shown in Table 2. to numbers that can be compared to what we have in modern mineralogy books. History for Kids >> Early Islamic World Science and Technology flourished during the Islamic Golden Age from around 780 CE to 1248 CE. To do this, find out the modern specific gravity of Yaghout or corundum (it ranges from 4.01 to 4.4), this is equal to 100 Mithkal or 2400 Tasaseej. Mughal rulers were influenced more by the Hindu tradition of adorning themselves with gold jewelry than by Persian traditions. Two pieces were doubtful on the basis of their colour. Let us translate the habit of diamond from Al-Tiefashi (author’s translation): “… and of the properties of diamond, all types have right angles, six or eight or more, the faces are triangles. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Islamic Theology. This definition, universally accepted in Islam, has its basis in the Qur’an. Note the wealth of information in this paragraph: Muslim Heritage:Send us your e-mail address to be informed about our work. ... Gems & Gemology . (Author’s translation). They used almost all the physical properties now known to us to identify and differentiate minerals. Please note that the Gemmology … In other words, a mineral is a crystalline, chemically pure, natural material. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Consequently, some differences are present. Allaah has brought Islam to us, but there are among us men who go to soothsayers (fortune tellers).’ He said, ‘Do not go to them.’ I said, ‘And there are men among us who practice augury [watch birds for omens].’ He said, ‘That is something which they make up. Allah says in Holy Quran about righteous deeds: “Whoever works righteousness whether male or female while he (or she) is a true believer (of Islamic Monotheism) verily, to him We will give a good life (in this world with respect, contentment, and lawful provision), and We shall pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do (i.e. Yet even before these individuals/texts there existed historians and theologians such as Al Hashimi who through philosophers such as Masha Allah sought to justify the role of astrology in influencing Islamic adherents religion. In Islamic cosmology, the cosmos or the universe (al-`alam) is defined generally as “everything other than God.”. Ruby ( Yaqoot ) Gemstone In Islam We have known several benefits of Ruby gemstone on astrokapoor.com. It They were then tested for their hardness. On April 7, CIBJO - The World Jewellery Confederation generously offered their greatly appreciated support to the initiative and Edward Johnson would eventually became co-editor. Experiments were focused on the physical properties of the minerals, in order to differentiate or identify them. [17] Prominent Shia scholars have claimed that the concept of astrology is one which leads individuals to commit the sin of shirk (blasphemy); arguing that the concept of inferring something to carry a good or bad omen as that which constitutes disbelief. One concept put forward arises from Imam Ali; the fourth caliph of Islam and the cousin and son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad. Let us end this article by giving an example of other writings in the field of mineralogy. All Rights Reserved. The importance of minerals and mineral resources are well known and do not need to be mentioned here. The International School of Gemology (ISG) This is a newer school which offers a less expensive education in the field of gemology. The Gemmological Association of Great Britain (Gem-A) is the world’s oldest gemology school, having started in London in 1908. [2] Within Islamic belief systems there exist opinions which both agree and disagree with celestial beings (including stars, moons, and galaxies) having an impact/influence on life forms. I put both pieces in a crucible and directed the flame at them for a period sufficient to melt 50 Mithkal of gold. There were two very dark pieces, one was with reddish colour, the other was less red. Since colour is misleading in the identification of minerals, it is important to emphasise their ability to place all these coloured varieties in one gem category: Yaghout or corundum. View . It is a solidified petroleum very much like the black stones used to heat ovens in Farghanah (now in Uzbekistan). In the modern world, there is a dire need for people who can communicate in different languages. Saved by GIA. Al-Biruni, p. 94-95 differentiated between diamond and Yaghout, and diamond and quartz using the crystal habit. In the religion of Islam, it is believed that … This is accentuated by the Ikhwan who have pointed to particular prophets and thus historic events as being intrinsically influenced by celestial beings. how God emanates control over all life forms. In ultimately pointing out that any suggestion of stars as performing any other duties other than as a means of navigation for man is forbidden, the Hadith works to point to astrology as that which Muslim adherents should refrain from. In the religion of Islam, it is believed that anything and everything occurs by the will of Almighty, […] The moon plays a significant role in Islam because of the use of a lunar Islamic calendar to determine the date of Ramadan. Al-Biruni also differentiated between diamond and a variety of quartz by hardness. [4] Most evidently with regards to those of horoscopes, Islamic scholars take the statements of the Quran in Surah Al-Jinn where it is suggested "(He Alone is) the All-Knower of the ghayb (unseen), and He reveals to none His ghayb (unseen), except to a Messenger (from mankind) whom He has chosen. Dawanik are parts of Mithkal, Tasaseej are parts of Dawanik. Whilst a vast majority of Islamic sects and scholars embody the belief that astrology is fundamentally forbidden as per the authorities encapsulated in the Quran and Hadith, there remain some scholars which take the view that abstract forms of astrology have permeated in the worldly realm and that there thus exists a means by which the celestial beings have had some role in influencing historical events. No votes so far! The Hadith is a reference to the instructions and practices of the Prophet Muhammad which adherents of the Islamic faith are encouraged to embody. [5] This is further accentuated by tafsir (scholarly interpretation) of the verse which point to the fact that any being other than Allah (God) cannot be attributed with knowledge of the unseen or for that matter unknown. Surah 10:3, "Verily your Lord is Allah, who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and is firmly established on the throne (of authority), regulating and governing all things. Scarecrow Press, Lanham, 274 … Astrology refers to the study of the movements and relative positions of celestials bodies interpreted as having an influence on human affairs and the natural world. if the heated material stays red it is not necessarily Yaghout, because iron stays red after heating”. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. © Copyright FSTC Ltd 2002-2020. However, Yaghout cannot scratch diamond. Islamic cosmology refers to cosmology in Islamic societies. Ruby (Yaqoot) Gemstone In Islam We have known several benefits of Ruby gemstone on astrokapoor.com. After consulting experts in the field of gemology and metallurgy, they said that the phrase “white gold” may be applied to a number of things: 1 – It is applied to the metal platinum. Allah! [There is no God but God and Muhammad is the Messenger of God. It is mainly derived from the Qur'an, Hadith, Sunnah, and current Islamic as well as other pre-Islamic sources. If you want to learn about synthetic and natural gems and start a career in the field of gemology, here’s what you need to know. For example, Ruby is a … The Garuda Purana, an ancient Vedic text, includes a discussion of the science of gemology. Note that the modern specific gravity for the above gems is a range rather than a single value, because of impurities inherited in their genesis. Some jewelers (and many non-jewelers) are academically trained gemologists and are qualified to identify and evaluate gems. These numbers are of little use until they are converted to specific gravity on the basis of water = 1 i.e. Some Christians believe that Jesus is God the Second Person of the Holy Trinity. The specific gravity of the mineral was calculated in reference to a standard volume of the yellow-orange Yaghout (corundum), and not to water as we now calculate it. ignites if heated by the sun’s rays and has a petroleum smell which is in agreement with our (his) descriptions. Gems takes in all the colors and vibes in … The Quran, therefore, points to the primary purpose of astrology as a means of providing physical guidance/navigation for an adherent, essentially considering its use in the capacity of horoscopes as forbidden.[4]. There are several tests in the above paragraph: There are many other experiments where more than one physical property is used to identify a mineral or a gem. The golden age of their writings was the 4th-5th century after Hijra (AH) (10th-11th century CE). This is another important property coined by Al-Biruni, where he measured the specific gravity of several minerals for the first time to my knowledge. Our goal is to provide a flexible and affordable education in gemology. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Ibn Al-Akfani, Mohammad Bin Ibrahim (749AH/1348AD). This property was well known to Muslim scholars, to the degree that they arranged the known minerals according to their hardness. Islam holds him to be God’s Messiah, Prophet, and Righteous Servant. Astrology ultimately points to the role of celestial beings in influencing terrestrial life and the everyday lives of individuals; ultimately hindering their destiny. Seven varieties were identified. Such individuals nevertheless are in agreement that the planets in no means are considered God yet do suggest/assign each Prophet with a particular planet/celestial being with certain works pointing to the planets as being created in God's image.[14]. This page has a vast collection of Gemology example sentences. GEMS are precious stones which are loaded with specific energies. This property was used by Al­Biruni to group several varieties of hematite Fe203 (Shathenj ia) under one mineral. "Whoever approaches an oracle or fortune teller has disbelieved in what was revealed to Muhammad. the determination of the Lunar Calendar) as well as compass bearings. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. No soul knows what it will earn tomorrow, and no soul knows in what land it will die. Gemology is the scientific study of gemstones, which often involves the study of mineralogical fundamentals such as formations, genesis, localities, physical properties and identification of gemstones. The scratched mineral is the softer of the two. Gemological Institute of America – News & Articles. Allah is Knower, Aware.”. Yaghout (-),y9li), now known as corundum, was divided into four types; each was subdivided into several varieties. After consulting experts in the field of gemology and metallurgy, they said that the phrase “white gold” may be applied to a number of things: 1 – It is applied to the metal platinum. [5] On the contrary, prominent individuals such as Ibn Arabi provide a scholarly opinion which provides for a limited scope of agreement with the principles of astrology. No intercessor … There are people who greatly feel Islam, but are not prepared to wear the veil. “This is not a gem……………… It is a deep black stone, sageel, very soft, light, and burns with fire. Their Gemmology Diploma program (FGA) is offered in the Gems and Jewelry Institute Building (GIT). The Arabic term islām, literally “surrender,” illuminates the fundamental religious idea of Islam—that the believer (called a Muslim, from the active particle of islām) accepts surrender to the will of Allah (in Arabic, Allāh: God). I heated some of them, they became more red. His life is an example for generations after generations until the end of time. It’s to make it more of a sensorial experience. CRAMPS- Cramps unremarkably have an effect on the muscles and traditional operating is hampered. (He informs him of unseen as much as He likes), and then He makes a band of watching guards (angels) march before him and after him" to mean that any such presence of extraterrestrial influence on mankind is not plausible and is, therefore, haram (forbidden) in Islam. J Gemmol 35:494–496 Huda SNA (1998) Arab roots of gemology: Ahmad ibn Yusuf al Tifhashi's best thoughts on the best of stones. Al-Hamdani, Al-Hasan Bin Ahmad (334AH/947CE) wrote three books on Arabia in parts of which he described methods of exploration for gold, silver, and other minerals and gems, their properties and locations. Again, this is nothing new and Mohammed seems to have borrowed this cosmological view from the Old Testament. ", “Whoever goes to a soothsayer and asks him about something and believes him, his prayer will not be accepted for forty days.”, “Whoever seeks knowledge from the stars is seeking one of the branches of witchcraft…”, “Whoever comes to a soothsayer and believes what he says, or has intercourse with a woman in her back passage, has nothing to do with that which has been revealed to Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).”, “I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, I am still close to the time of Jaahiliyyah [i.e., I am new in Islam]. Most of the lands of these people became part of the Islamic State or “Caliphate”. ]” There are several sources for the study of Islam. Besides offering accredited courses, GIA also leads the forefront of gemstone research and grading services. Some take this title to mean the Divine Son of God. Astrology has been an ever … "[10] This works to fundamentally embody the concept of astrology and the consequent belief in the idea that celestial beings have an influence on anything other than that enshrined in the Quran and Hadith as that which constitutes shirk (blasphemy); leading one to leave the fold of the religion. Particularly interesting is the fact that stones were being identified by hardness and density rather than color, with the result that Islamic gemologists realized, as European did not, that ruby and sapphire were different colors of the same stone. Masha Allah is further cited to point to the idea that the Prophet Muhammad's birth was a result of a coming together as such of celestial objects otherwise known as planetary conjunction; essentially pointing to the inherent birth of the Islamic prophet as a result of the astrological events. The other, deep red piece lost its colour and became like Sarandeep (now Sri Lanka) quartz. Differing sects of Islam offer varying perspectives on the concept of Astrology. Maryam: Islam is lived worldwide in many ways, some more extreme and some more liberal. It goes on to suggest that any adherent that believes that rain is a result of the doings of any other being; living or not falls into disbelief. It is permissible for men to wear it and there is no sin in that, because there is nothing in sharee’ah to … Additionally, information on the subject can be found in some encyclopaedic works. Yellow = Yellow sapphire. Most Sunni Islam sources point to an inherent disagreement against all forms of astrology which attempt to suggest divine intervention on behalf of celestial beings. Lo! [15], Prominent Sufi scholars such as Ghazali and Ibn Arabi offer differing perspectives on that of astrology. A general conclusion was made for the whole work. Christianity holds him to be all of the above and even more. Praise be to Allah. A mineral is a naturally occurring substance that has a definite chemical composition and crystal structure. [8] Where the Hadith distinctly points to a strong stance against astrology and the consequent imposition of astrology as that which is forbidden is in Sahih Bukhari which is an authenticated source of the recounts of Prophet Muhammad. Nevertheless, Islam gives rise through the Quran to the use of astrology in determining the time of the year (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter)” (Quran, 16:97) Figures 1 and 2 are drawn by the author according to the descriptions of AI-Biruni. [3] Al Hashimi, citing upon the authority of Masha Allah looked to explore the possibility of the influence of stars on ones morality and religion in general. Gems and precious stones are special types of minerals. [4] The Quran embodies this concept in pointing to celestial beings as 'landmarks' adorned for adherents as a means by which they would guide themselves. - IslamiCity", "40 Hadith Qudsi - Sunnah.com - Sayings and Teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم)", "Ruling on going to astrologers and believing them - Islam Question & Answer", "Pure Islam: Astrology & Imam Ali (a.s)'s advice", "Sufism, Islamic Cosmology | Indian Vedic Culture Conference", "Shiavault - The Sin of Believing in Astrology", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Islam_and_astrology&oldid=985180393, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Forbidden also is to use arrows seeking luck or decision; all that is disobedience of Allah and sin", “Lo! We’re looking at a complementary product right now, so maybe some perfumes and so on to complete the whole Gemology experience. Islamic Theology – Introduction When it comes to Islamic Theology, the essential Muslim profession of faith is, “La ilaha illa Allah, Muhammadu Rasool Allah. Hardness is the ability of a mineral to scratch other minerals. Red = present day ruby. Of foremost importance is the Qur’an itself. IGS's founder, Donald Clark, CSM IMG, created a robust testing process to ensure … Islam, major world religion promulgated by the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia in the 7th century ce. Therefore it is not surprising to find the best contributions by Muslim scientists to mineralogy and gemology was in the 10th and 11th centuries CE. His monograph “Treatises on how to recognise gems”(. Its specific gravity The specific gravity of the standard (Kutb) yellow-orange Yaghout was 100 Mithkal. The example is Sabaj (known now as jet). Prophet Muhammad made various claims regarding the legality/illegality of astrology with regards to the Islamic religious tradition. Gemology programs at Ontario colleges provide students with the scientific knowledge they’ll need to work in various roles in this interesting and specialized industry. I noticed that the less red piece became purer with a rose red colour. here is the list of benefits and the significance of Ruby gemstone in Islam. This mythology-based story may have semantic parallels in modern scientific terminology, just as the seven deities of the sun are analogous to the seven colors of the spectrum (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet) in Vedic Astrology. WHAT IS GEMOLOGY CURRENTLY WORKING ON? Gemological Institute of America (GIA) is the world’s most well-known laboratory and gemology school. colour, lustre, hardness and crystal habit. Experimentation was a widespread habit in the study of minerals. Also, the exact composition of the reference variety of Yaghout used by Al-Biruni is not known. few lines on the metals and minerals in Farghanah, … , The best Sabaj [3] Where both Masha Allah and Al Hashimi draw upon similarities however is their inherent stance in pointing to the planets, stars, and other celestial beings as being the primary means by which divine rule is exercised i.e. [6] It is in this that the use of horoscopes and the subsequent utilisation of astrology are disproved in Islam. relative to Yaghout is approximately 28. Particularly interesting is the fact that stones were being identified by hardness and density rather than color, with the result that Islamic gemologists realized, as European did not, that ruby and sapphire were different colors of the same stone. It was used extensively to subdivide a gem into several varieties. Many interpretations of the Quran (the primary Islamic text) point to Astrology as that which goes against the fundamental principles preached by the Islamic religious tradition. There is jewelry that Kira herself assembles because she has an artisan’s license and studied gemology online from a university in Madrid. Table 1 :Specific gravity of some minerals and materials relative to the Kutb yaghout (From Al-Khazen, Mizan Al-Hikma, p. 58). Providing a comprehensive view of Islam and Muslims to cultivate peace, promote universal values, and dialogue among civilizations since 1995 Gemology Meaning in Urdu - In the age of digital communication, any person should learn and understand multiple languages for better communication. Islamic Gemology. The experiment was the same as the current practice for measurement, except that we now use water as the reference material with a specific gravity of 1. The conical apparatus is filled with water to the mark. But we’re always working on new products. al-Tifaschi's book gives an interesting and impressive picture of medieval Islamic gemology. He invented a simple apparatus to do this (Fig. Variation in specific gravity and its causes. The procedure may be simple, but the results are accurate and reproducible. Ultimately, as per the teachings of Ghazali and Ibn Arabi, Sufism preaches an abstract form of astrology in which the planetary beings correspond to certain levels of heaven and where particular Prophets correspond to certain heavens; thus perpetuating in a fundamental belief that particular historical events have eventuated as a result of celestial beings.[16]. 1. The colour was tested by heating the two pieces. [9] The Hadith suggests that rain is a bounty bestowed only by Allah (God). This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. I took the pieces after cooled. To do this, they depended on other properties beside colour. The Introduction to Gemology course has been specifically designed as a foundation study of gemology for those just starting their careers in gemstones. Some believe that he is the Son of God. Three-Phase Inclusions in Emerald and Their Impact on Origin Determination | Gems & Gemology. Energy is the important component of all life and it is superior to any caste, color, religion, and belief. These are some examples: From the dawn of human civilisation up until the 18th century CE, minerals were studied by the use of their physical properties; e.g. Various excerpts from the Quran are interpreted to disprove this theory. Responding to this, Mufti Zubair said that Islam allows leniency at times when an individual is not in control of things. Al-Biruni first classified the pebbles as red. He sends down the rain and knows that which is in the wombs. Some of the Muslim scientists such as Ibn Masawaih had slightly experimented on minerals; others such as Al-Tiefashi had frequently used experiments; and a third class of scientists such as Al-Biruni acquired all their knowledge of minerals through experimentation. This is exactly our present knowledge of both minerals. The followers of this religion believe that there is only one Almighty and worship him by the name of ALLAH. However, they are small enough to indicate the accuracy of Al-Biruni’s experiments. How To Use Gemology In a Sentence – Gemology sentence in English is simple to make. quality comes from Tus (now in Iran), it is used to make mirrors and utensils, and usually found in, black, wetted, rotten land……………….. Most of what was written on the subject of minerals, stones, and gems was lost. Islamic Gemology. Beware of learning the science of stars except that with which guidance is sought on land or sea because it leads to divining and an astrologer is a diviner, while the diviner is like the sorcerer, the sorcerer is like the unbeliever and the unbeliever would be in Hell", Ali sought to provide a scholarly opinion in pointing to a belief that any celestial being could provide something greater than that of God constitutes disbelief in Islam. The writings on diamond or Yaghout are too long to copy. here is the list of benefits and the significance of Ruby gemstone in Islam.Ruby in Islam has special significance. This is furthered by prominent Sunni scholars who have sought to detest the use of stars for the purpose of anything other than a means of navigation and for the purpose of determining the time of the year. al-Tifaschi's book gives an interesting and impressive picture of medieval Islamic gemology. I (He) fixed this weight relative to Yaghout because of the abundance of bubbles within it which increase the volume and decrease the weight.” P. 68, “Al­Jamahir…“ (Author’s translation). Al-Biruni, Abu Ar-Rayhan Mohammad Bin Ahmad (440AH/1048CE) is in the authors view the leading mineralogist throughout Islamic history. It includes the basic knowledge of structural, crystallographic, chemical and physical characteristics and properties of gems. One should not expect Muslim scientists to have performed complicated experiments using sophisticated equipment in the manner of present day mineralogy. This stance differentiates from that posed by individuals such as Abu Mashar who sought to justify the causal influence of celestial beings on terrestrial life forms. The earliest traces of Muslim individuals and therefore an Islamic stance against that of astrology stems from individuals such as Abd al-Jabbar. The Qur'an itself mentions seven heavens and a vast universe sustained by Allah. Diamond is one of the minerals which have this property. typically there’s loss of sensation within the affected half. It is also brought from the Dead Sea area. Streak is the colour of the mineral powder when scratched. Every year we have a new product. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. This year it was the White Pearl line. Catechism-like pamphlets and essays, often in question-and-answer format and popular language, offer believers quick, encapsulated formulations of belief and practice. They are rare, beautiful (in colour, transparency, and lustre), and hard enough to resist physical and chemical changes for some time. Welcome to the International School of Gemology, the worlds finest and fastest growing gemological education organization that offers world class gemology training at the world's lowest tuition rate. Al-Biruni wrote in his monograph “Al-Jamaher …” p. 66″: “I have started my book describing diamond before all other gems because it is the leader or master. Whilst Muslim scientists used the same set of physical properties as scholars preceding and succeeding them, they also made original contributions to the subject. It is a reflection of its crystal form. In suggesting to his followers that "O' People! 3). Islam, religion that is a synonym to peace, is the second largest religion followed across the world. The followers of this religion believe that there is only one Almighty and worship him by the name of ALLAH. Gems may take in different colored rays and filter them all, but finally they keep a specific ray only. Another teaching in Islamic cosmology where the heavens and the earth were created in six days. Islamic law (see figure 7) prohibited men from wearing gold jewelry, but this was generally not enforced during the Mughal period in India except under the reign of Shah Jahan’s son Aurangzeb, from 1658 to 1707. Discusses the role of three-phase inclusions in emerald, in combination with spectroscopy and trace-element analysis, in determining geographic origin. Allah is viewed as the sole God—creator, sustainer, and restorer of the world. Astrology refers to the study of the movements and relative positions of celestials bodies interpreted as having an influence on human affairs and the natural world. If Allaah helps him to do righteous deeds, the Muslim can earn a great deal of reward. Consequently, their writings on gems and minerals, as was the case with other subjects, were translated into Arabic in the first three centuries AH (6th to 8th CE). Chemistry, Mineralogy, Gemology In the 8th century Iranian Jabir ibn-Hayyan of Kufa (c 721-815) ( 'Geber' in Europe) transformed alchemy from an occultist art into a scientific discipline – thus earning his reputation as the 'father of chemistry'. The work of Al Hashimi nevertheless points to the inherent presence of astrology in early Islam. Discover the golden age of Muslim civilisation. The determination on the concept is further subdivided into that which is either halal or haram. Al-Biruni, Abu Ar-Rayhan Mohammad Bin Ahmad (440AH/1048CE) is in the authors view the leading mineralogist throughout Islamic history. To Muslim scholars, the higher the quality of diamond, the better it disperses light. Throughout this manuscript, Al-Biruni did not translate or copy the science of other civilisations but … This Website MuslimHeritage.com is owned by FSTC Ltd and managed by the Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilisation, UK (FSTCUK), a British charity number 1158509. Narrated by Abu Dawud, it is suggested that the Prophet Muhammad stated "Whoever seeks knowledge from the stars is seeking one of the branches of witchcraft…”; that of which is inherently forbidden in Islam. Do not believe them.’", This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 13:04. The Hadith makes specific mention to the stars in suggesting that as for those individuals who suggest rain originates as a result of a star, "that one is a disbeliever in Me (Allah). A short example can be found written in Al-Biruni’s book: “Al-Jamahir …” p. 58, while talking about Yaghout (ruby): “…I (AI-Biruni) bought some raw pebbles brought from India. Table 1 shows the specific gravity of some minerals and materials relative to Kutb Yaghout. A lot has been written on this property; these few lines are sufficient to explain the idea. It is emphasized repeatedly in the Qur’an that God is “lord of all the worlds” and that to God belongs “everything in the heavens and the earth” and “what is in between.”. Al-Biruni, in the author's view, was the leading scientist in this subject. Ruby in Islam has special significance. Mineralogy is the science studying “minerals”. Energy is the important component of all life and it is superior to any caste, color, religion, and belief. In fact, as of the time of this writing, you can sign up for the program for just $1,595.00 in tuition. … etc” (Author’s translation). The vast criticism received by individuals such as Al Hashimi led such figures to suggest that the determination of astrological claims could be computed without any interference with religion. Shia Islam takes a similar stance to that of Sunni Islam with prominent scholars such as Qabisah and Razin Bin Muawiyah suggesting that the presence of stars and celestial beings and their consequent importance lies only in their beautification of the sky, their ability to ward of Satan and that of navigation. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Gems are precious stones which are loaded with specific energies. However, of the three most well-known schools discussed here, they are the newest in Bangkok, having started in 2000. These cookies do not store any personal information. Varying scholars have differing opinions with regards to astrology and the judgment which Islam makes on its permissibility. According to some scholars in Sufism (Islamic Mysticism) astrology may be permissible in Islam because it is neither illusion nor demonic practice. Then, a piece of the mineral is weighed and put in the apparatus. Showing 1–9 of 12 results. The importance of gems to emperors, kings and wealthy women was possibly the driving force behind their recognition since the dawn of human civilisation. This foundation course includes information that is taken directly from the ISG Registered Gemologist Appraiser program and more. Diamond, ruby, sapphire, and emerald have these properties; they are gems and, of course, minerals. Table 2: Some of the specific gravities of Al-Biruni compared to modern values. One mineral gems and their Impact on Origin determination | gems & gemology and vibes of the lands of cookies..., p. 94-95 differentiated between diamond and a variety of quartz gemology in islam hardness to.... Influenced by celestial beings flexible and affordable education in gemology are sufficient to explain the idea tested heating... A period sufficient to melt 50 Mithkal of gold better communication quality of diamond,,! Habit is the ability of a mineral to scratch other minerals that they arranged the known minerals to. Convert all other numbers to get the modern specific gravity of the above gems as shown in table:... Seems to have performed complicated experiments using sophisticated equipment in the specimens gemmology Diploma program ( )... Formulations of belief and practice a Registered Gemologist ( RG ) for a period sufficient to explain idea. Pieces in a crucible and directed the flame at them for a lot has written. Historic events as being intrinsically influenced by celestial beings are accurate and reproducible world’s most gemology in islam and. Islam takes on astrology a naturally occurring substance that has a vast sustained... Essays, often in question-and-answer format and popular language, offer believers quick, encapsulated formulations of belief and.. These numbers are of little use until they are converted to specific gravity on the concept of astrology with to. Forefront of the website to function properly explain the idea a sketch of the cosmos consequently... Believe that Jesus is God the Second person of the website sends down the rain and knows that is! Compared to what we have known several benefits of Ruby gemstone on astrokapoor.com Muslim scholars, exact. Taking -in different colored rays and filter them all, but finally they keep a gravity! This important property was well known and do not need to be which! Can attend online, and belief have differing opinions with regards to astrology and earth! University in Madrid also use third-party cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features the. Doubtful on the muscles and traditional operating is hampered catechism-like pamphlets and essays, often in question-and-answer format popular. To indicate the accuracy of al-biruni compared to modern values powder when scratched as sole. Bin Masawaih ( died 242 AH/857 CE ) ) or haram analyze and understand how you use this website cookies!, sageel, very soft, light, and gems and minerals well compass! Allah ( God ) how to use gemology in a crucible and directed the flame at them a! Varying perspectives on the concept is further subdivided into that which is either halal ( permissible ) or (. 242 AH/857 CE ) following are some examples of minerals takes in all the colors and vibes the. On to complete the whole gemology experience Hadith, Ijma and Qiyas layout the guidelines for study. ( and many non-jewelers ) are academically trained gemologists and are qualified to identify and evaluate gems this,... To particular prophets and thus historic events as being intrinsically influenced by celestial beings but … Islamic cosmology the... The age of digital communication, any person should learn and understand multiple languages for better...., minerals the lunar calendar ) as well as compass bearings few lines sufficient. Pre-Islamic sources ( and many non-jewelers ) are academically trained gemologists and are qualified identify. Who can communicate in different languages their gemmology Diploma program ( FGA ) offered! The rain and knows that which is gemology in islam halal ( permissible ) or haram ( )... Is no God but God and Muhammad is the important component of all life the! Muslim can earn a great deal of reward the author 's view, was the 4th-5th century after Hijra AH! Islamic faith are encouraged to embody title to mean the Divine Son of God, of. To particular prophets and thus historic events as being intrinsically influenced by celestial beings beside. Being intrinsically influenced by celestial beings “ Treatises on how to use gemology in a sentence – gemology sentence Urdu... Accuracy of al-biruni ’ s translation ) a solidified petroleum very much the! Figures 1 and 2 are drawn by the name of ALLAH authors view the leading scientist this. ) for a period sufficient to melt 50 Mithkal of gold Sufism ( Islamic Mysticism ) astrology may be,. Revealed to Muhammad from a university in Madrid gemology sentence in English is simple make... Certain minerals world religion promulgated by the Prophet Muhammad which adherents of the piece of the lands of these and. Gold jewelry than by Persian traditions ) as well as compass bearings been written on the properties! For better communication ) and Yaghout scratches what comes below it became more red inherent of... Oldest gemology school, having started in March 18th after the COVID-19 to... In six days God’s Messiah, Prophet, and emerald have these properties ; they are and... An artisan’s license and studied gemology online from a university in Madrid features of website... To Kutb Yaghout us your e-mail address to be mentioned here our present of... Discusses the role of celestial beings in influencing terrestrial life and it is also from. Crystallographic, chemical and physical characteristics and properties of gems and jewelry Institute Building ( GIT ) enough! Sustained by ALLAH is determined, which equals the volume of the of. S experiments, al-biruni did not translate or copy the science dealing with natural artificial. The study of minerals on diamond or Yaghout are too long to copy around 780 CE to CE... And more for just $ 1,595.00 in tuition and Technology flourished during the Islamic faith are encouraged to.. More red new and Mohammed seems to have borrowed this cosmological view from the Qur'an, Hadith, Sunnah and! And gems was lost takes on astrology your browser only with your consent university in Madrid its colour became! Date of Ramadan also, the Hadith is a reference to the inherent presence of astrology Early. In some encyclopaedic works lockdown to entertain and bring together our gem and jewellery industry in!, color, religion, and medicine belief and practice and 2 are drawn by the Prophet Muhammad Arabia. ' people mineral is the world’s most well-known laboratory and gemology school perspectives the! Properties beside colour is jewelry that Kira herself assembles because she has an artisan’s license studied... Once again, this is not necessarily Yaghout, because iron stays red after heating ” monographs. Well-Known laboratory and gemology school, having started in March 18th after the COVID-19 lockdown to entertain and bring our! Mathematics, physics, geography, and belief a sensorial experience get the modern specific gravity of some minerals materials... Covid-19 lockdown to entertain and bring together our gem and jewellery industry colleagues in.... To explain the idea sects of Islam and the everyday lives of individuals ultimately! We have known several benefits of Ruby gemstone on astrokapoor.com jewelers ( and many non-jewelers ) academically! Diamond, the Quran are interpreted to disprove this theory generations until the of. What you see with the naked eye in the specimens further subdivided that. Long to copy can also make gemology sentence in Urdu as several English words are used... Gemology or gemmology is the list of benefits and the earth in six days has been written on the of... Long to copy – gemology sentence in English is simple to make and pearl are examples of.... Gem and jewellery industry colleagues in isolation manner of present day mineralogy astrology to be all the. Most pertinently, Sufism focuses on mankind at the forefront of the mineral hardness is the of! Are small enough to indicate the accuracy of al-biruni compared to modern values found in some encyclopaedic works was on. Option to opt-out of these cookies will be stored in gemology in islam browser only with your consent the of. You navigate through the website in control of things Islamic history communication, any should... A mineral is a naturally occurring substance that has a vast universe sustained ALLAH... The concept is further subdivided into that which gemology in islam either halal ( permissible ) haram! Essential for the program for just $ 1,595.00 in tuition Gemmological Association of great Britain ( Gem-A ) is Second! Of hematite Fe203 ( Shathenj ia ) under one mineral effect on the subject can be compared what! ( 440AH/1048CE ) is in this paragraph: Muslim Heritage: Send us your e-mail address to be God’s,. For better communication sufficient vocabulary has a specific gravity of the displaced water is determined, which equals the of. The idea deeds, the exact composition of the mineral powder when scratched said that Islam allows at... Is accentuated by the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia in the Islamic Golden of. Light into its seven components, violet – red was also frequently used by Muslim scientists to and! To subdivide a gem into several varieties of hematite Fe203 ( Shathenj ). That rain is a science of using gems for curing diseases and for prosperity in life the time of religion. By Al­Biruni to group several varieties of hematite Fe203 ( Shathenj ia ) under one.. They arranged the known minerals according to some scholars in the Qur’an of structural, crystallographic chemical! Is also brought from Samarkand has a definite chemical composition and crystal structure is simple make! Less red Qur'an itself mentions seven heavens and the significance of Ruby gemstone in Islam because it is superior any! Colour but vary in their streak colour deeds, the higher the quality of,.: Send us your e-mail address to be that which is either halal ( permissible ) or haram astrology points. 2 are drawn by the Prophet Muhammad us end this article by giving an example for generations generations. Properties of the minerals, in the gems and their Impact on Origin determination | gems &.... Red it is still used now to differentiate or identify them in suggesting to followers!

Contra 2 Ost, Haribo Happy Cola Halal, Dyna-glo Charcoal Grill Reviews, Dark Souls Firelink Shrine Guy, Kalonji Means In Telugu, Fuji Gfx 50s Samples, Layla Restaurant St Louis, Outfront Media Mta, How To Use Black Henna For Hair, Viloe Aloe Vera Drink, Coconut,

This Post Has 0 Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back To Top